Laparoscopic splenectomy for variceal bleeding with non-cirrhotic portal vein thrombosis: a case report.Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 Mar-Apr; 50(50):574-6.H
A 57-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment of refractory gastric bleeding from gastric varices secondary to portal vein thrombosis. The patient's liver function tests and coagulation profile were normal. The venous phase of the superior mesenteric arteriogram, on the other hand, showed superior mesenteric vein-portal vein occlusion with surrounding hepatopetal variceal collaterals. The venous phase of the splenic arteriogram additionally showed splenic vein occlusion and collateral vessels from the gastric and retroperitoneal regions flowing into a portal cavernous transformation. Gastroscopy confirmed that the patient had gastric varices in the cardia. We performed laparoscopic splenectomy to treat refractory gastric bleeding from varices and symptomatic hypersplenism. The postoperative course was uneventful; the patient's gastric varices were less prominent on follow-up gastroscopy and the hematologic profile returned to normal. Extrahepatic portal vein thrombosis is the leading cause of variceal hemorrhage in patients with healthy livers. There is a consensus in the literature that splenectomy alone is of minimal value in preventing variceal bleeding in portal vein thrombosis. Splenectomy is, however, indicated in cases in which the patient has hepatopetal collaterals from the mesenteric vein system and whose hemorrhagic gastric varices are related to splenic vein thrombosis as in our case.