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Lexical, conceptual and motor information in memory for action phrases: a multi-system account.
Acta Psychol (Amst) 2003; 113(2):147-65AP

Abstract

According to the multi-system account [J. Engelkamp, H.D. Zimmer, The Human Memory: A Multi-Modal Approach, Hogrefe & Huber, Seattle, 1994], the enactment effect in free recall of action phrases (e.g. break the stick) is independent of inter- and intra-phrase associations because it emerges from the nonverbal encoding processes under enactment. Two experiments have been reported which tested these and further assumptions of the multi-system account of the enactment effect. In both experiments, inter- and intra-phrase (verb-object) associations were varied simultaneously in addition to enactment. In Experiment 1, the memory test was free recall, and in Experiment 2, it was cued recall. Independent effects of all three factors were observed in free recall. Enacted phrases were recalled better than phrases learned only verbally. Phrases with high-associated objects and verbs were better recalled than phrases with low-associated objects and verbs, and categorically related phrases were better recalled than unrelated phrases. In cued recall, there was no effect of categorical list structure. The effects of intra-phrase structure and enactment corresponded to those in free recall. All interactions were nonsignificant. The findings were interpreted as support for the multi-system account.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, FR Psychologie, Saarland University, D-66123 Saarbruecken, Germany. engelkamp@rz.uni-sb.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12750046

Citation

Engelkamp, Johannes, and Petra Jahn. "Lexical, Conceptual and Motor Information in Memory for Action Phrases: a Multi-system Account." Acta Psychologica, vol. 113, no. 2, 2003, pp. 147-65.
Engelkamp J, Jahn P. Lexical, conceptual and motor information in memory for action phrases: a multi-system account. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2003;113(2):147-65.
Engelkamp, J., & Jahn, P. (2003). Lexical, conceptual and motor information in memory for action phrases: a multi-system account. Acta Psychologica, 113(2), pp. 147-65.
Engelkamp J, Jahn P. Lexical, Conceptual and Motor Information in Memory for Action Phrases: a Multi-system Account. Acta Psychol (Amst). 2003;113(2):147-65. PubMed PMID: 12750046.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lexical, conceptual and motor information in memory for action phrases: a multi-system account. AU - Engelkamp,Johannes, AU - Jahn,Petra, PY - 2003/5/17/pubmed PY - 2003/7/9/medline PY - 2003/5/17/entrez SP - 147 EP - 65 JF - Acta psychologica JO - Acta Psychol (Amst) VL - 113 IS - 2 N2 - According to the multi-system account [J. Engelkamp, H.D. Zimmer, The Human Memory: A Multi-Modal Approach, Hogrefe & Huber, Seattle, 1994], the enactment effect in free recall of action phrases (e.g. break the stick) is independent of inter- and intra-phrase associations because it emerges from the nonverbal encoding processes under enactment. Two experiments have been reported which tested these and further assumptions of the multi-system account of the enactment effect. In both experiments, inter- and intra-phrase (verb-object) associations were varied simultaneously in addition to enactment. In Experiment 1, the memory test was free recall, and in Experiment 2, it was cued recall. Independent effects of all three factors were observed in free recall. Enacted phrases were recalled better than phrases learned only verbally. Phrases with high-associated objects and verbs were better recalled than phrases with low-associated objects and verbs, and categorically related phrases were better recalled than unrelated phrases. In cued recall, there was no effect of categorical list structure. The effects of intra-phrase structure and enactment corresponded to those in free recall. All interactions were nonsignificant. The findings were interpreted as support for the multi-system account. SN - 0001-6918 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12750046/Lexical_conceptual_and_motor_information_in_memory_for_action_phrases:_a_multi_system_account_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0001691803000301 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -