Plasma PAI-1 levels are more strongly related to liver steatosis than to adipose tissue accumulation.Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2003; 23(7):1262-8AT
Because obesity and insulin resistance (IR) are strongly associated with liver steatosis (LS), we investigated the relation between the degree of LS and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in ob/ob mice, in C57/BL6 mice with alcoholic LS, and in severely obese humans.
METHODS AND RESULTS
In both mouse models, plasma PAI-1 levels were associated with PAI-1 expression in the liver and with the degree of LS. Liver PAI-1 antigen was associated with the tumor necrosis factor receptor-II (TNFRII) antigen, whereas association with TNF antigen content was found in ob/ob mice only. No significant correlation between plasma PAI-1 and PAI-1 expression in adipose tissue of ob/ob mice was observed. Furthermore, the relation between plasma PAI-1 levels and body weight was positive in ob/ob mice but negative in C57/BL6 mice (both P<0.001). In humans, PAI-1 levels were correlated with the degree of LS, and 26% of plasma PAI-1 activity was independently explained by LS and serum insulin levels.
Plasma PAI-1 levels are more closely related to fat accumulation and PAI-1 expression in the liver than in adipose tissue. In steatotic liver, PAI-1 antigen content is associated with those of TNF and TNFRII. Therefore, we suggest that TNF pathway dysregulation in LS could be involved in increased plasma PAI-1 in obesity with IR.