Comparison of peer assessment ratings (PAR) from 1-phase and 2-phase treatment protocols for Class II malocclusions.Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003 May; 123(5):489-96.AJ
The purpose of this study was to compare the dentoalveolar outcomes after 1-phase and 2-phase orthodontic treatment of Class II malocclusions. Class II subjects (n = 208) were randomized to 1-phase or 2-phase treatment with either bionator or headgear/biteplate. The peer assessment rating (PAR) was calculated from pretreatment, prephase 2, and final study models. Chi-square, Kruskal-Wallis, and Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used to evaluate the differences among treatment groups, sexes, races, pretreatment, mandibular plane angle, severity, and compliance. Spearman rank correlation coefficients were used to examine relationships between PAR at different times. The dropout rate of 24.6% did not adversely affect the ability to detect differences of clinical importance or impact treatment groups disproportionately. There were no significant differences with respect to initial PAR or final PAR among the 3 treatment protocols. The 2 early treatment groups had lower PAR scores than the 1-phase group before phase 2 (P =.0001). Lower PAR scores were achieved at both the beginning and end of phase 2 in girls (P =.03; P =.02, respectively). There were differences in the pre-phase-2 and post-phase-2 PAR scores based on initial severity (P =.0006; P =.02, respectively), with greater improvement in the patients whose malocclusions were less severe initially. Mandibular plane angle had no effect on pre-phase-2 or post-phase-2 PAR scores. These results do not support the hypothesis that different dentoalveolar outcomes are obtained between 2-phase and 1-phase treatment of Class II malocclusions.