Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Should we recommend low-fat diets for obesity?
Obes Rev. 2003 May; 4(2):83-90.OR

Abstract

Dietary fat intake has been blamed for the increase in adiposity and has led to a worldwide effort to decrease the amount of fat in the diet. However, the comparative efficacy of this approach is debatable. Whilst short-term dietary intervention studies show that low-fat diets lead to weight loss in both healthy and overweight individuals, it is less clear if a reduction in fat intake is more efficacious than other dietary restrictions in the long term. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of low-fat diets in achieving sustained weight loss when used for the express purpose of weight loss in obese or overweight people. A comprehensive search identified six studies that fulfilled our criteria for inclusion (randomized controlled trial, participants either overweight or obese, comparison of a low-fat diet with another type of weight-reducing diet, follow-up period that was at least 6 months in duration and inclusion of participants 18 years or older without serious disease). There were a total of 594 participants in the six trials. The duration of the intervention varied from 3 to 18 months with follow-up from 6 to 18 months. There were no significant differences between low-fat diets and other weight-reducing diets in terms of sustained weight loss. Furthermore, the overall weight loss at the 12-18-month follow-up in all studies was very small (2-4 kg). In overweight or obese individuals who are dieting for the purpose of weight reduction, low-fat diets are as efficacious as other weight-reducing diets for achieving sustained weight loss, but not more so.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Population Health, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12760443

Citation

Pirozzo, S, et al. "Should We Recommend Low-fat Diets for Obesity?" Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, vol. 4, no. 2, 2003, pp. 83-90.
Pirozzo S, Summerbell C, Cameron C, et al. Should we recommend low-fat diets for obesity? Obes Rev. 2003;4(2):83-90.
Pirozzo, S., Summerbell, C., Cameron, C., & Glasziou, P. (2003). Should we recommend low-fat diets for obesity? Obesity Reviews : an Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 4(2), 83-90.
Pirozzo S, et al. Should We Recommend Low-fat Diets for Obesity. Obes Rev. 2003;4(2):83-90. PubMed PMID: 12760443.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Should we recommend low-fat diets for obesity? AU - Pirozzo,S, AU - Summerbell,C, AU - Cameron,C, AU - Glasziou,P, PY - 2003/5/23/pubmed PY - 2003/8/27/medline PY - 2003/5/23/entrez SP - 83 EP - 90 JF - Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity JO - Obes Rev VL - 4 IS - 2 N2 - Dietary fat intake has been blamed for the increase in adiposity and has led to a worldwide effort to decrease the amount of fat in the diet. However, the comparative efficacy of this approach is debatable. Whilst short-term dietary intervention studies show that low-fat diets lead to weight loss in both healthy and overweight individuals, it is less clear if a reduction in fat intake is more efficacious than other dietary restrictions in the long term. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of low-fat diets in achieving sustained weight loss when used for the express purpose of weight loss in obese or overweight people. A comprehensive search identified six studies that fulfilled our criteria for inclusion (randomized controlled trial, participants either overweight or obese, comparison of a low-fat diet with another type of weight-reducing diet, follow-up period that was at least 6 months in duration and inclusion of participants 18 years or older without serious disease). There were a total of 594 participants in the six trials. The duration of the intervention varied from 3 to 18 months with follow-up from 6 to 18 months. There were no significant differences between low-fat diets and other weight-reducing diets in terms of sustained weight loss. Furthermore, the overall weight loss at the 12-18-month follow-up in all studies was very small (2-4 kg). In overweight or obese individuals who are dieting for the purpose of weight reduction, low-fat diets are as efficacious as other weight-reducing diets for achieving sustained weight loss, but not more so. SN - 1467-7881 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12760443/Should_we_recommend_low_fat_diets_for_obesity L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=1467-7881&date=2003&volume=4&issue=2&spage=83 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -