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Cephalometric soft tissue profile analysis between two different ethnic groups: a comparative study.
J Contemp Dent Pract. 2003 May 15; 4(2):60-73.JC

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to study and compare the cephalometric soft tissue profile analysis between Saudis and Caucasian Americans. The study was carried out using standardized cephalometric radiographs of 56 Saudi subjects (30 males and 26 females) with pleasant and balanced facial profiles, competent lips, normal overjet and overbite, and showing no craniofacial deformities. Subject ages ranged from 22 to 23 years. One skeletal and thirteen soft tissue variables were investigated. F-test, two samples t-test, Mann-Whitney, and Wilcoxon tests were used for data analysis. The results showed no statistical significant differences between the Saudi males and females except for the angle of total facial convexity, soft tissue facial plane angle, lower lip length, sagittal nasal tip to the most protrusive lip distance, and also sagittal chin to the most protrusive lip distance. The Saudi females had a greater angle of total facial convexity and soft tissue facial plane angle than the males. In addition, the females had a shorter lower lip. They also had a short distance between the nasal tip and chin to the most protrusive lip. These results reveal significant differences in most of the soft tissue variables when comparing Saudis with Caucasian Americans as well as in other ethnic groups. Most of these variables are essential for the diagnosis and treatment planning of cases requiring orthodontics and orthognathic surgery.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Orthodontics, Department of Preventive Dental Sciences of the College of Dentistry at King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. haider@ksu.edu.saNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12761590

Citation

Hashim, Hayder Abdallah, and Sahar F. AlBarakati. "Cephalometric Soft Tissue Profile Analysis Between Two Different Ethnic Groups: a Comparative Study." The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, vol. 4, no. 2, 2003, pp. 60-73.
Hashim HA, AlBarakati SF. Cephalometric soft tissue profile analysis between two different ethnic groups: a comparative study. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2003;4(2):60-73.
Hashim, H. A., & AlBarakati, S. F. (2003). Cephalometric soft tissue profile analysis between two different ethnic groups: a comparative study. The Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, 4(2), 60-73.
Hashim HA, AlBarakati SF. Cephalometric Soft Tissue Profile Analysis Between Two Different Ethnic Groups: a Comparative Study. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2003 May 15;4(2):60-73. PubMed PMID: 12761590.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cephalometric soft tissue profile analysis between two different ethnic groups: a comparative study. AU - Hashim,Hayder Abdallah, AU - AlBarakati,Sahar F, Y1 - 2003/05/15/ PY - 2003/5/23/pubmed PY - 2003/5/30/medline PY - 2003/5/23/entrez SP - 60 EP - 73 JF - The journal of contemporary dental practice JO - J Contemp Dent Pract VL - 4 IS - 2 N2 - The aim of this investigation was to study and compare the cephalometric soft tissue profile analysis between Saudis and Caucasian Americans. The study was carried out using standardized cephalometric radiographs of 56 Saudi subjects (30 males and 26 females) with pleasant and balanced facial profiles, competent lips, normal overjet and overbite, and showing no craniofacial deformities. Subject ages ranged from 22 to 23 years. One skeletal and thirteen soft tissue variables were investigated. F-test, two samples t-test, Mann-Whitney, and Wilcoxon tests were used for data analysis. The results showed no statistical significant differences between the Saudi males and females except for the angle of total facial convexity, soft tissue facial plane angle, lower lip length, sagittal nasal tip to the most protrusive lip distance, and also sagittal chin to the most protrusive lip distance. The Saudi females had a greater angle of total facial convexity and soft tissue facial plane angle than the males. In addition, the females had a shorter lower lip. They also had a short distance between the nasal tip and chin to the most protrusive lip. These results reveal significant differences in most of the soft tissue variables when comparing Saudis with Caucasian Americans as well as in other ethnic groups. Most of these variables are essential for the diagnosis and treatment planning of cases requiring orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. SN - 1526-3711 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12761590/Cephalometric_soft_tissue_profile_analysis_between_two_different_ethnic_groups:_a_comparative_study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -