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Capsule endoscopy versus push enteroscopy in patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding.
Z Gastroenterol. 2003 May; 41(5):377-82.ZG

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Wireless capsule endoscopy is a new method enabling non-invasive diagnostic endoscopy of the entire small intestine. In this study we prospectively examined the diagnostic precision of capsule endoscopy compared with push enteroscopy in patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding.

METHODS

Between July 2001 and October 2002 we examined 48 patients with suspected disorders of the small intestine using capsule endoscopy. 33 patients with obscure bleeding (19 men, 14 women, mean age 58 +/- 23 years) were prospectively examined using capsule endoscopy and push enteroscopy.

RESULTS

On average, the patients had been suffering from chronic gastrointestinal bleeding for 30 +/- 36 (1-120) months. The lowest haemoglobin level was 6.5 +/- 1.6 g/dl (2.3-9.6) and on average 9 +/- 10 (0-50) blood units were transfused. Each patient underwent 4 +/- 2 (1-10) hospitalisations, with a mean 9 +/- 4 (5-17) diagnostic procedures before capsule endoscopy was used. Definitive bleeding sites were diagnosed by push enteroscopy in 7 patients (angiodysplasia [n = 5], ulcers [n = 1], multiple jejunal diverticula [n = 1]). Capsule endoscopy showed a bleeding source in 25 cases (76 %) (angiodysplasias [n = 15], Meckel's diverticulum [n = 1], ulcers [n = 7], ileum diverticulosis [n = 1], B-cell lymphoma [n = 1]). Push enteroscopy localised an additional bleeding source in comparison with capsule endoscopy (multiple jejunal diverticula) in one patient. Both methods of examination were safe and showed no complications.

DISCUSSION

The present study shows that capsule endoscopy had the highest diagnostic yield and was superior to push enteroscopy in patients with chronic gastrointestinal bleeding. By using the capsule at an early stage the subsequent therapeutic procedure could be considerably shortened and diagnostic processes could possibly be optimised.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine C, Gastroenterology, Klinikum der Stadt Ludwigshafen gGmbH, Academic Hospital of the Johannes-Gutenberg-University of Mainz, Ludwigshafen, Germany. MedCLu@t-online.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Evaluation Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12772049

Citation

Hartmann, D, et al. "Capsule Endoscopy Versus Push Enteroscopy in Patients With Occult Gastrointestinal Bleeding." Zeitschrift Fur Gastroenterologie, vol. 41, no. 5, 2003, pp. 377-82.
Hartmann D, Schilling D, Bolz G, et al. Capsule endoscopy versus push enteroscopy in patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. Z Gastroenterol. 2003;41(5):377-82.
Hartmann, D., Schilling, D., Bolz, G., Hahne, M., Jakobs, R., Siegel, E., Weickert, U., Adamek, H. E., & Riemann, J. F. (2003). Capsule endoscopy versus push enteroscopy in patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. Zeitschrift Fur Gastroenterologie, 41(5), 377-82.
Hartmann D, et al. Capsule Endoscopy Versus Push Enteroscopy in Patients With Occult Gastrointestinal Bleeding. Z Gastroenterol. 2003;41(5):377-82. PubMed PMID: 12772049.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Capsule endoscopy versus push enteroscopy in patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. AU - Hartmann,D, AU - Schilling,D, AU - Bolz,G, AU - Hahne,M, AU - Jakobs,R, AU - Siegel,E, AU - Weickert,U, AU - Adamek,H E, AU - Riemann,J F, PY - 2003/5/29/pubmed PY - 2003/12/10/medline PY - 2003/5/29/entrez SP - 377 EP - 82 JF - Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie JO - Z Gastroenterol VL - 41 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Wireless capsule endoscopy is a new method enabling non-invasive diagnostic endoscopy of the entire small intestine. In this study we prospectively examined the diagnostic precision of capsule endoscopy compared with push enteroscopy in patients with occult gastrointestinal bleeding. METHODS: Between July 2001 and October 2002 we examined 48 patients with suspected disorders of the small intestine using capsule endoscopy. 33 patients with obscure bleeding (19 men, 14 women, mean age 58 +/- 23 years) were prospectively examined using capsule endoscopy and push enteroscopy. RESULTS: On average, the patients had been suffering from chronic gastrointestinal bleeding for 30 +/- 36 (1-120) months. The lowest haemoglobin level was 6.5 +/- 1.6 g/dl (2.3-9.6) and on average 9 +/- 10 (0-50) blood units were transfused. Each patient underwent 4 +/- 2 (1-10) hospitalisations, with a mean 9 +/- 4 (5-17) diagnostic procedures before capsule endoscopy was used. Definitive bleeding sites were diagnosed by push enteroscopy in 7 patients (angiodysplasia [n = 5], ulcers [n = 1], multiple jejunal diverticula [n = 1]). Capsule endoscopy showed a bleeding source in 25 cases (76 %) (angiodysplasias [n = 15], Meckel's diverticulum [n = 1], ulcers [n = 7], ileum diverticulosis [n = 1], B-cell lymphoma [n = 1]). Push enteroscopy localised an additional bleeding source in comparison with capsule endoscopy (multiple jejunal diverticula) in one patient. Both methods of examination were safe and showed no complications. DISCUSSION: The present study shows that capsule endoscopy had the highest diagnostic yield and was superior to push enteroscopy in patients with chronic gastrointestinal bleeding. By using the capsule at an early stage the subsequent therapeutic procedure could be considerably shortened and diagnostic processes could possibly be optimised. SN - 0044-2771 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12772049/Capsule_endoscopy_versus_push_enteroscopy_in_patients_with_occult_gastrointestinal_bleeding_ L2 - https://www.thieme-connect.com/DOI/DOI?10.1055/s-2003-39330 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -