Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Long-term trends in cancer mortality in the United States, 1930-1998.
Cancer 2003; 97(12 Suppl):3133-275C

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Progress against cancer can be examined by analyzing long-term trends in cancer incidence and mortality. The recent directive from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to adopt the 2000 U.S. standard population for the age adjustment of death rates prompted the American Cancer Society to update historical cancer mortality statistics using the new standard.

METHODS

Mortality data were abstracted by race, gender, year, and age at death for 1930 through 1959 from annual volumes of Vital Statistics of the United States. For 1960 through 1998, these data were obtained from data tapes provided by the National Center for Health Statistics. Two U.S. standard million populations (1970 and 2000) were used to calculate age-adjusted rates. Average annual percent change was estimated for each decade by site, gender, and age, and the statistical significance of the change was assessed at p < 0.05.

RESULTS

After long-term increases or mostly level trends that date from the 1930s for some sites, death rates for cancers of the lung (in males), prostate, female breast, colon-rectum, pancreas, leukemia, and ovary were decreasing in the 1990s. Liver cancer death rates were increasing in the 1990s. Throughout the study period, death rates for female lung cancer increased, while death rates for stomach and uterine cancers declined.

CONCLUSIONS

The trends of decreasing cancer death rates for the leading cancer sites in the 1990s are encouraging. However, surveillance researchers must continue to monitor these declines to assess whether the progress seen in this decade persists. Efforts also must be made to study the sites with increasing trends and identify potential underlying causes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Epidemiology and Surveillance Research, American Cancer Society, National Home Office, Atlanta, Georgia, USA. paw1@cdc.govNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12784323

Citation

Wingo, Phyllis A., et al. "Long-term Trends in Cancer Mortality in the United States, 1930-1998." Cancer, vol. 97, no. 12 Suppl, 2003, pp. 3133-275.
Wingo PA, Cardinez CJ, Landis SH, et al. Long-term trends in cancer mortality in the United States, 1930-1998. Cancer. 2003;97(12 Suppl):3133-275.
Wingo, P. A., Cardinez, C. J., Landis, S. H., Greenlee, R. T., Ries, L. A., Anderson, R. N., & Thun, M. J. (2003). Long-term trends in cancer mortality in the United States, 1930-1998. Cancer, 97(12 Suppl), pp. 3133-275.
Wingo PA, et al. Long-term Trends in Cancer Mortality in the United States, 1930-1998. Cancer. 2003 Jun 15;97(12 Suppl):3133-275. PubMed PMID: 12784323.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term trends in cancer mortality in the United States, 1930-1998. AU - Wingo,Phyllis A, AU - Cardinez,Cheryll J, AU - Landis,Sarah H, AU - Greenlee,Robert T, AU - Ries,Lynn A G, AU - Anderson,Robert N, AU - Thun,Michael J, PY - 2003/6/5/pubmed PY - 2003/8/23/medline PY - 2003/6/5/entrez SP - 3133 EP - 275 JF - Cancer JO - Cancer VL - 97 IS - 12 Suppl N2 - BACKGROUND: Progress against cancer can be examined by analyzing long-term trends in cancer incidence and mortality. The recent directive from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to adopt the 2000 U.S. standard population for the age adjustment of death rates prompted the American Cancer Society to update historical cancer mortality statistics using the new standard. METHODS: Mortality data were abstracted by race, gender, year, and age at death for 1930 through 1959 from annual volumes of Vital Statistics of the United States. For 1960 through 1998, these data were obtained from data tapes provided by the National Center for Health Statistics. Two U.S. standard million populations (1970 and 2000) were used to calculate age-adjusted rates. Average annual percent change was estimated for each decade by site, gender, and age, and the statistical significance of the change was assessed at p < 0.05. RESULTS: After long-term increases or mostly level trends that date from the 1930s for some sites, death rates for cancers of the lung (in males), prostate, female breast, colon-rectum, pancreas, leukemia, and ovary were decreasing in the 1990s. Liver cancer death rates were increasing in the 1990s. Throughout the study period, death rates for female lung cancer increased, while death rates for stomach and uterine cancers declined. CONCLUSIONS: The trends of decreasing cancer death rates for the leading cancer sites in the 1990s are encouraging. However, surveillance researchers must continue to monitor these declines to assess whether the progress seen in this decade persists. Efforts also must be made to study the sites with increasing trends and identify potential underlying causes. SN - 0008-543X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12784323/Long_term_trends_in_cancer_mortality_in_the_United_States_1930_1998_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.11380 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -