Development and application of an alpha-face-specific radioimmunoassay for vitamin B12.Biol Trace Elem Res. 1992 Nov; 35(2):153-66.BT
The first development of an alpha-face-specific radioimmunoassay for vitamin B12 is described. Sheep, fed a cobalt-deficient diet, and immunized with a conjugate between Co-beta carboxypropyl cobalamin and keyhole limpet hemocyanin, were used to produce antisera. The antisera crossreacted with Co-beta derivatives of vitamin B12, but did not crossreact with the alpha-face vitamin B12 analog cobinamide. The antisera were used to develop a sensitive and reproducible radioimmunoassay that was free from contamination with the nonspecific vitamin B12 binding protein, R-protein. Both the radioimmunoassay and measurements of plasma concentrations of methylmalonic acid were applied to the diagnosis of cobalt/vitamin B12 deficiency in sheep. The assay correlated well with a commercially available radioassay and did not falsely detect normal vitamin B12 concentration in plasma samples containing elevated concentrations of methylmalonic acid.