Holt-Oram syndrome: a new mutation in the TBX5 gene in two unrelated families.Ann Genet 2003 Jan-Mar; 46(1):19-23AG
Holt-Oram syndrome (HOS) is a specific developmental defect involving upper limb malformations and cardiac defects. Mutations in the TBX5 gene, located on chromosome 12q24.1, were demonstrated as the underlying molecular defect in several families with this disorder. We report on two unrelated families with HOS. Affected members of both families have the same truncation mutation in exon 5 of the TBX5 gene (Y136X). This mutation has not been reported before in HOS. The spectrum of defects is similar in both families, displaying an ASD, hypoplastic deltoid muscles and hypoplastic or absent thumbs extending to radial defects in one case. So far, only a single genotype-phenotype analysis in HOS has been done which is not sufficient to explain the high inter- and intrafamilial variability of expression. Our observation further supports that the position of the mutation in the TBX5 gene is related to the phenotype expression of HOS.