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Legal outcomes of sexual assault.
Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003 Jun; 188(6):1638-41.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The study was undertaken to better describe the assault characteristics and examination findings in sexual assault victims who pursue legal action.

STUDY DESIGN

A case-control study of consecutive women older than 15 years who came to an urban hospital after sexual assault over a 32-month period was conducted. All the women underwent a standardized history and physical examination by a resident in obstetrics and gynecology. Cases were those in which charges were filed against an assailant by the prosecutors' office. The controls were the women assaulted immediately preceding and after each case.

RESULTS

Of the 888 women undergoing evaluation in the emergency department, 132 (15%) had charges filed by the prosecutor. Characteristics positively associated with a legal outcome included being examined within 24 hours after assault, partner/spouse as an assailant, oral assault, and anogenital trauma (P <.05,.01,.05,.05, respectively). Amnesia at the time of assault and/or friend/acquaintance as assailant were negatively associated with a legal outcome (P <.01,.05, respectively).

CONCLUSION

Although only 15% of sexual assault cases were resolved with a legal outcome, the data support the importance of a physical examination within 24 hours of the assault. Anogenital trauma is associated with, but not a prerequisite for, a successful legal outcome.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12825004

Citation

Wiley, Jennifer, et al. "Legal Outcomes of Sexual Assault." American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol. 188, no. 6, 2003, pp. 1638-41.
Wiley J, Sugar N, Fine D, et al. Legal outcomes of sexual assault. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;188(6):1638-41.
Wiley, J., Sugar, N., Fine, D., & Eckert, L. O. (2003). Legal outcomes of sexual assault. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 188(6), 1638-41.
Wiley J, et al. Legal Outcomes of Sexual Assault. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;188(6):1638-41. PubMed PMID: 12825004.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Legal outcomes of sexual assault. AU - Wiley,Jennifer, AU - Sugar,Naomi, AU - Fine,David, AU - Eckert,Linda O, PY - 2003/6/26/pubmed PY - 2003/7/26/medline PY - 2003/6/26/entrez SP - 1638 EP - 41 JF - American journal of obstetrics and gynecology JO - Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. VL - 188 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to better describe the assault characteristics and examination findings in sexual assault victims who pursue legal action. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study of consecutive women older than 15 years who came to an urban hospital after sexual assault over a 32-month period was conducted. All the women underwent a standardized history and physical examination by a resident in obstetrics and gynecology. Cases were those in which charges were filed against an assailant by the prosecutors' office. The controls were the women assaulted immediately preceding and after each case. RESULTS: Of the 888 women undergoing evaluation in the emergency department, 132 (15%) had charges filed by the prosecutor. Characteristics positively associated with a legal outcome included being examined within 24 hours after assault, partner/spouse as an assailant, oral assault, and anogenital trauma (P <.05,.01,.05,.05, respectively). Amnesia at the time of assault and/or friend/acquaintance as assailant were negatively associated with a legal outcome (P <.01,.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: Although only 15% of sexual assault cases were resolved with a legal outcome, the data support the importance of a physical examination within 24 hours of the assault. Anogenital trauma is associated with, but not a prerequisite for, a successful legal outcome. SN - 0002-9378 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12825004/Legal_outcomes_of_sexual_assault_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002937803003508 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -