Splenic artery embolization for variceal hemorrhage following blocked distal splenorenal shunt.Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 Jul-Aug; 50(52):1167-8.H
A blocked distal splenorenal shunt presents with torrential bleeding from gastric varices. Reoperation in the presence of portal hypertension in an unstable patient is difficult. Two patients with a blocked distal splenorenal shunt were subjected to splenic artery embolization. This stopped variceal bleeding from gastric varices resulting from the congested spleen due to thrombosis of the splenic vein. The procedure was successful in stopping the acute bleed in both patients. There were no serious complications or recurrent variceal bleeding and the varices were collapsed at one year on follow-up endoscopy. Splenic artery embolization is a safe and effective minimally invasive treatment for patients with bleeding from a blocked distal splenorenal shunt.