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The epidemiology and control of hepatitis A.
Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev. 1992 Sep 11; 2(10):R114-7.CD

Abstract

Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is endemic in developing countries and remains a public health problem elsewhere. A total of 7430 cases was notified in England and Wales in 1991. Children and young adults were most frequently affected. Risk factors include travel to countries of high endemicity, contact with an infected person and shellfish consumption. Person-to-person spread is common within families, closely knit communities and schools (especially nurseries). The provision of safe water and sanitary disposal of faeces are prerequisites for control of HAV throughout the world. In developed countries, human normal immunoglobulin (HNIG) is used for post-exposure prophylaxis and is given to those travelling abroad prior to possible exposure. Recommendations for the use of hepatitis A vaccine have have recently been made but it is expensive. Further studies on risk factors for infection, and on the efficacy of hepatitis A vaccine in outbreak control, are needed.

Authors+Show Affiliations

South West Thames Regional Health Authority.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1284926

Citation

Maguire, H, et al. "The Epidemiology and Control of Hepatitis A." Communicable Disease Report. CDR Review, vol. 2, no. 10, 1992, pp. R114-7.
Maguire H, Heptonstall J, Begg NT. The epidemiology and control of hepatitis A. Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev. 1992;2(10):R114-7.
Maguire, H., Heptonstall, J., & Begg, N. T. (1992). The epidemiology and control of hepatitis A. Communicable Disease Report. CDR Review, 2(10), R114-7.
Maguire H, Heptonstall J, Begg NT. The Epidemiology and Control of Hepatitis A. Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev. 1992 Sep 11;2(10):R114-7. PubMed PMID: 1284926.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The epidemiology and control of hepatitis A. AU - Maguire,H, AU - Heptonstall,J, AU - Begg,N T, PY - 1992/9/11/pubmed PY - 1992/9/11/medline PY - 1992/9/11/entrez SP - R114 EP - 7 JF - Communicable disease report. CDR review JO - Commun Dis Rep CDR Rev VL - 2 IS - 10 N2 - Hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection is endemic in developing countries and remains a public health problem elsewhere. A total of 7430 cases was notified in England and Wales in 1991. Children and young adults were most frequently affected. Risk factors include travel to countries of high endemicity, contact with an infected person and shellfish consumption. Person-to-person spread is common within families, closely knit communities and schools (especially nurseries). The provision of safe water and sanitary disposal of faeces are prerequisites for control of HAV throughout the world. In developed countries, human normal immunoglobulin (HNIG) is used for post-exposure prophylaxis and is given to those travelling abroad prior to possible exposure. Recommendations for the use of hepatitis A vaccine have have recently been made but it is expensive. Further studies on risk factors for infection, and on the efficacy of hepatitis A vaccine in outbreak control, are needed. SN - 1350-9349 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1284926/The_epidemiology_and_control_of_hepatitis_A_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/3332 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -