Long-term outcome of simultaneous repair of bilateral cleft lip and nose (a 15 year experience).Br J Plast Surg. 2003 Apr; 56(3):205-17.BJ
We have performed primary repair of bilateral cleft lip and nose on 169 patients in the past 15 years. During the first eight years, we used a small triangular flap skin design for the lip and for the nose correction, we used a corrective nasal cartilage lifting suture through rim incisions in order to bring the nasal dome cartilage toward the center and create the columella. The small triangular flap at the columella base was rotated 90 degrees posteriorly to emphasize the contour of the nasolabial angle. In the subsequent 7-year period, the lip design was changed to the straight line method, and an inverted trapezoid suture was placed between the alar and nasal dorsum at four points. By this procedure displaced cartilages are moved into correct position and the alar groove became more distinct.Long-term observations showed a favorable configuration of the nose, and eliminated the bilateral cleft nose stigma with only minimum degree of growth disturbance. The remaining problem is the somewhat superior faced nasal tip. To leave the bilateral cleft lip nasal deformity uncorrected for a long period places great psychosocial burden on the patient and the family. We believe that it is desirable to conduct early lip and nose repair synchronously in a minimally invasive manner, as a collaborative effort between plastic surgeons with specialized training in cleft lip repair and an interdisciplinary team.