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[SARS: a new emergency in the world health].
Recenti Prog Med. 2003 Jul-Aug; 94(7-8):284-94.RP

Abstract

The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a new life-threatening respiratory disease which has its origins in Guangdong province, China, where the earliest known cases were identified in November 2002. Since then, probable cases of SARS have been reported in 30 countries and the current cumulative number of cases is 8,240 with 745 deaths and a global fatality rate of 9%. The most frequently involved areas include China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Canada, Vietnam and Philippines. Most cases of SARS to date have occurred in young adults and this disease appears to spread most commonly by close person-to-person contact, involving exposure to infectious droplets and body fluids. This transmission pattern generally involves household members, health care workers and international travellers, while a large and sudden cluster of almost simultaneous cases in an housing estate of Hong Kong has raised the possibility of transmission from an environmental source. The most common presenting symptoms are fever, malaise, non-productive cough and dyspnea, associated with pulmonary interstitial infiltrates on chest radiography. A novel coronavirus is associated with this outbreak, and the laboratory evidences indicate that this virus has an etiologic role in SARS, but the role of other concurrent viral agents (such as metapneumovirus) identified in these patients requires further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica Specialistica e Sperimentale, Sezione di Malattie Infettive, Università Alma Mater Studiorum, Policlinico S. Orsola, Bologna. calza@med.unibo.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
English Abstract
Journal Article
Review

Language

ita

PubMed ID

12868233

Citation

Calza, Leonardo, et al. "[SARS: a New Emergency in the World Health]." Recenti Progressi in Medicina, vol. 94, no. 7-8, 2003, pp. 284-94.
Calza L, Manfredi R, Verucchi G, et al. [SARS: a new emergency in the world health]. Recenti Prog Med. 2003;94(7-8):284-94.
Calza, L., Manfredi, R., Verucchi, G., & Chiodo, F. (2003). [SARS: a new emergency in the world health]. Recenti Progressi in Medicina, 94(7-8), 284-94.
Calza L, et al. [SARS: a New Emergency in the World Health]. Recenti Prog Med. 2003 Jul-Aug;94(7-8):284-94. PubMed PMID: 12868233.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [SARS: a new emergency in the world health]. AU - Calza,Leonardo, AU - Manfredi,Roberto, AU - Verucchi,Gabriella, AU - Chiodo,Francesco, PY - 2003/7/19/pubmed PY - 2003/10/31/medline PY - 2003/7/19/entrez SP - 284 EP - 94 JF - Recenti progressi in medicina JO - Recenti Prog Med VL - 94 IS - 7-8 N2 - The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a new life-threatening respiratory disease which has its origins in Guangdong province, China, where the earliest known cases were identified in November 2002. Since then, probable cases of SARS have been reported in 30 countries and the current cumulative number of cases is 8,240 with 745 deaths and a global fatality rate of 9%. The most frequently involved areas include China, Hong Kong, Singapore, Canada, Vietnam and Philippines. Most cases of SARS to date have occurred in young adults and this disease appears to spread most commonly by close person-to-person contact, involving exposure to infectious droplets and body fluids. This transmission pattern generally involves household members, health care workers and international travellers, while a large and sudden cluster of almost simultaneous cases in an housing estate of Hong Kong has raised the possibility of transmission from an environmental source. The most common presenting symptoms are fever, malaise, non-productive cough and dyspnea, associated with pulmonary interstitial infiltrates on chest radiography. A novel coronavirus is associated with this outbreak, and the laboratory evidences indicate that this virus has an etiologic role in SARS, but the role of other concurrent viral agents (such as metapneumovirus) identified in these patients requires further investigation. SN - 0034-1193 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12868233/[SARS:_a_new_emergency_in_the_world_health]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/6415 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -