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D-deprenyl protects nigrostriatal neurons against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity.
Synapse. 2003 Oct; 50(1):7-13.S

Abstract

Selegiline (L-deprenyl) is believed to render protection against l-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-neurotoxicity to a significant extent via a free radical scavenging mechanism, which is independent of its ability to inhibit monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) in the brain. We investigated the hydroxyl radical (.OH) scavenging action and neuroprotective effect of D-deprenyl, its less active isomer, in MPTP-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity in mice to test whether the chemical structure of the molecule or its biological effects contribute to this property. To achieve this goal we studied the effects of D-deprenyl on: (1).OH production in a Fenton reaction; (2) MPTP-induced.OH generation and dopamine (DA) depletion in vivo, employing a sensitive HPLC-electrochemical procedure; and (3) formation of MPP(+) in vivo in the striatum following systemic administration of MPTP, employing an HPLC-photodiode array detection system. D-deprenyl inhibited ferrous citrate-induced.OH in vitro (0.45 microM) and MPTP-induced.OH in vivo in substantia nigra (SN) and in the striatum (1.0 mg/kg, i.p.). D-deprenyl did not, but L-deprenyl (0.5 mg/kg dose) did significantly inhibit formation of MPP(+) in the striatum 90 min following systemic MPTP injection. It failed to affect MAO-B activity at 0.5 mg/kg in the striatum, but effectively blocked MPTP-induced striatal DA depletion. The potency of D-deprenyl to scavenge MPTP-induced.OH in vivo and to render protection against the dopaminergic neurotoxicity without affecting dopamine turnover, MAO-B activity, or formation of MPP(+) in the brain indicates a direct involvement of.OH in the neurotoxic action of MPTP and antioxidant effect in the neuroprotective action of deprenyl.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Neurosciences, Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Calcutta 700 032, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12872288

Citation

Muralikrishnan, Dhanasekharan, et al. "D-deprenyl Protects Nigrostriatal Neurons Against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced Dopaminergic Neurotoxicity." Synapse (New York, N.Y.), vol. 50, no. 1, 2003, pp. 7-13.
Muralikrishnan D, Samantaray S, Mohanakumar KP. D-deprenyl protects nigrostriatal neurons against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity. Synapse. 2003;50(1):7-13.
Muralikrishnan, D., Samantaray, S., & Mohanakumar, K. P. (2003). D-deprenyl protects nigrostriatal neurons against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity. Synapse (New York, N.Y.), 50(1), 7-13.
Muralikrishnan D, Samantaray S, Mohanakumar KP. D-deprenyl Protects Nigrostriatal Neurons Against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced Dopaminergic Neurotoxicity. Synapse. 2003;50(1):7-13. PubMed PMID: 12872288.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - D-deprenyl protects nigrostriatal neurons against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity. AU - Muralikrishnan,Dhanasekharan, AU - Samantaray,Supriti, AU - Mohanakumar,Kochupurackal P, PY - 2003/7/23/pubmed PY - 2003/12/13/medline PY - 2003/7/23/entrez SP - 7 EP - 13 JF - Synapse (New York, N.Y.) JO - Synapse VL - 50 IS - 1 N2 - Selegiline (L-deprenyl) is believed to render protection against l-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-neurotoxicity to a significant extent via a free radical scavenging mechanism, which is independent of its ability to inhibit monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) in the brain. We investigated the hydroxyl radical (.OH) scavenging action and neuroprotective effect of D-deprenyl, its less active isomer, in MPTP-induced dopaminergic neurotoxicity in mice to test whether the chemical structure of the molecule or its biological effects contribute to this property. To achieve this goal we studied the effects of D-deprenyl on: (1).OH production in a Fenton reaction; (2) MPTP-induced.OH generation and dopamine (DA) depletion in vivo, employing a sensitive HPLC-electrochemical procedure; and (3) formation of MPP(+) in vivo in the striatum following systemic administration of MPTP, employing an HPLC-photodiode array detection system. D-deprenyl inhibited ferrous citrate-induced.OH in vitro (0.45 microM) and MPTP-induced.OH in vivo in substantia nigra (SN) and in the striatum (1.0 mg/kg, i.p.). D-deprenyl did not, but L-deprenyl (0.5 mg/kg dose) did significantly inhibit formation of MPP(+) in the striatum 90 min following systemic MPTP injection. It failed to affect MAO-B activity at 0.5 mg/kg in the striatum, but effectively blocked MPTP-induced striatal DA depletion. The potency of D-deprenyl to scavenge MPTP-induced.OH in vivo and to render protection against the dopaminergic neurotoxicity without affecting dopamine turnover, MAO-B activity, or formation of MPP(+) in the brain indicates a direct involvement of.OH in the neurotoxic action of MPTP and antioxidant effect in the neuroprotective action of deprenyl. SN - 0887-4476 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12872288/D_deprenyl_protects_nigrostriatal_neurons_against_1_methyl_4_phenyl_1236_tetrahydropyridine_induced_dopaminergic_neurotoxicity_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/syn.10239 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -