[Changes in peripheral lymphocyte subfraction in cytomegalovirus infections during the early stage of allogenic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation].Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 2003 Jun; 42(6):396-9.ZN
To study the alterations and the clinical significance of peripheral lymphocyte subsets in patients with active cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection during the early stage of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) and to investigate the influence of active CMV infection on immunity.
K(3)-EDTA anticoagulated peripheral blood samples were collected weekly from 27 allogeneic PBSCT recipients in the first 3 months after PBSCT. CMV pp65 antigen in peripheral white blood cells were tested by indirect immunofluorescence assay, and lymphocyte subsets were detected by flow cytometry with specific fluorescent monoclonal antibodies. In the meantime lymphocyte subsets of 51 samples from healthy blood donors were tested as normal control values.
CD(4)(+) T cell count for all recipients was significantly low throughout the first 3 months after PBSCT as compared with normal donors (P < 0.01). Of the 27 allogeneic PBSCT recipients, 5 had no active CMV infection, 10 had asymptomatic CMV active infection, 12 had symptomatic CMV infection. The average CD(4)(+) T cell counts (x 10(6)/L) for the different groups of patients were 328 +/- 203, 239 +/- 218 and 199 +/- 92; The average CD(8)(+) T cell counts (x 10(6)/L) were 400 +/- 380, 267 +/- 206 and 603 +/- 461, respectively. The average percentage of CD(4)(+) CD(28)(+) T cell subsets were (89.2 +/- 8.9)%, (84.2 +/- 10.1)% and (63.5 +/- 11.4)%, respectively. The recipients with asymptomatic CMV active infection were likely to have more natural killer (NK) cells as compared with those without active CMV infection (P < 0.01). The patients with symptomatic CMV infection had significantly lower CD(4)(+) cell count and higher CD(8)(+) cell count than those with asymptomatic CMV infection (P < 0.01). The percentage of CD(4)(+) CD(28)(+) cells was decreased significantly in the CMV active infection group (P < 0.01).
CMV active infection could induce dramatic alterations in lymphocyte subsets lymphocyte subsets and host immunity for allogeneic PBSCT recipients. Therefore, the changes of lymphocyte subsets might serve as auxiliary parameters to predict active CMV infections in this kind of immunocompromised patients.