Total sacrectomy and reconstruction for sacral tumors.Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2003 Aug 01; 28(15):E296-301.S
Report of three patients in whom the lumbosacral junctions were successfully restored by spinal instrumentations after total sacrectomies.
To describe the surgical technique of the reconstruction of the continuity between the pelvic ring and spinal column by using a transpedicular and iliac screw system.
SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA
Although there have been case reports about reconstruction methods after total sacrectomy, biomechanical, and technical problems still remain unresolved.
Total sacrectomy was carried out in three cases: two with chordomas and one with a recurrent giant cell tumor. In the first case, reconstruction was achieved with Zielke transpedicular screw and rod system and a sacral rod. The other two patients were reconstructed using a transpedicular and iliac screw system and a sacral rod for bilateral fixation of the iliac wings. In the third patient, the vertical rods were connected to transverse rod with rod connectors.
No instrumentation failure was observed, and the continuity between the pelvic wing and spinal column was established with the instrumentation and bone grafting. Although one patient died of metastatic chordoma, the lumbosacral junction was successfully reconstructed with the instrumentation. The other two patients could stand with double crutches 13 and 2 years after surgery, respectively.
Total sacrectomy is a feasible operation for primary malignant tumors involving the entire sacrum. Reconstruction of the union between the lumbar spine and the ilia with spinal instrumentation achieves stabilization suitable for ambulation.