Effects of N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide on rat myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury and L-type calcium current.Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2003 Aug; 24(8):757-63.AP
To study the effects of N-n-butyl haloperidol iodide (F2) on rat heart ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and L-type calcium current (ICa) in rat ventricular myocytes.
Rat heart I/R injury was induced by occluding the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min and restoring perfusion for 30 min. F2 (1, 2, and 4 mg/kg) were i.v. injected before ischemia. Plasma creatine kinase (CK), creatine kinase isoenzyme MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), alpha-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (HBDH), glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity were measured. The pathologic changes of I/R myocardium were assessed by the transmission electron microscopy. Single rat ventricular myocyte was obtained by enzymatic dissociation method. The currents were recorded with the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique.
F2 reduced the release of CK, CK-MB, LDH, HBDH and GOT, preserved the activity of SOD, and decreased the MDA contents dose-dependently. For morphology, F2 mollified the pathologic changes of myocardium induced by I/R injury. F2 1 micromol/L decreased ICa from (1775+/-360) pA to (464+/-129) pA (n=8, P<0.01) and shifted the current-voltage of ICa upward, without affecting the voltage-depend-ent properties of ICa.
F2 played a protective role against rat heart I/R injury in a dose-dependent manner, and inhibited ICa in rat ventricular myocytes. The cardioprotective and vasodilatory mechanisms of F2 may be related to its inhibitory effect on L-type calcium channel.