[An association analysis of apolipoprotein E genotypes with Alzheimer's disease in Chinese population].Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao 2001; 23(5):450-4ZY
To analyse the association of apolipoprotein E genotypes with Alzheimer's disease in Chinese population.
Using PCR and restriction enzyme digestion, we have analyzed ApoE allele frequency of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and healthy controls.
Among the 56 cases of AD, the frequency of ApoE epsilon 2, ApoE epsilon 3, ApoE epsilon 4 are 3 (2.7%), 84 (75.0%), 25 (22.3%) respectively, while in the 67 controls they are 9 (6.7%), 115 (85.8%), 10 (7.5%) respectively. The frequencies of the two groups have significant difference (P < 0.01) and the frequency of ApoE epsilon 4 allele is higher in AD than that in the health controls and the statistical treatment suggest that there is significant difference (chi 2 = 10.99, P < 0.01, OR = 3.59, 95% CI = 1.54-8.41). The frequency of the ApoE epsilon 3 is lower in AD than that in the health controls and the difference is also statistically significant(P < 0.05).
Our results are consistent with previous work in that proving the ApoE epsilon 4 allele is one of the risk factors of AD. The results also provide a support for the protection effect of ApoE epsilon 3 allele in developing AD.