Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Dietary composition and weight change among low-income preschool children.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003 Aug; 157(8):759-64.AP

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the relation between dietary composition and weight change among children. We tested several hypotheses considering intake of nutrients (total fat and fiber) and predefined food groups (breads and grains, "fat foods," fruits, and vegetables) used in the North Dakota Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC Program).

DESIGN

Prospective study. Subjects We collected dietary, anthropometric, and sociodemographic data from 1379 children aged 2 to 5 years participating in the North Dakota WIC Program on 2 visits ranging from 6 to 12 months apart. Main Outcome Measure Annual change in weight.

RESULTS

In multiple regression analyses, no significant relations were found between total intake of fat, fiber, fruits, or vegetables and weight change. There was a 0.16-kg lower weight change per year (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.20 to -0.12 kg; P<.01) with each additional daily serving of breads and grains, and a 0.05-kg greater weight change per year (95% CI, 0.1-0.09 kg; P<.05) for each additional serving of fat foods in a model adjusting for sex, age, baseline weight, change in height, and sociodemographic variables.

CONCLUSIONS

Intake of North Dakota WIC Program-defined fat foods, but not dietary fat per se, significantly predicted weight gain, whereas intake of North Dakota WIC Program-defined breads and grains, but not fiber per se, significantly predicted weight loss in preschool children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. pknewby@post.harvard.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12912781

Citation

Newby, P K., et al. "Dietary Composition and Weight Change Among Low-income Preschool Children." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157, no. 8, 2003, pp. 759-64.
Newby PK, Peterson KE, Berkey CS, et al. Dietary composition and weight change among low-income preschool children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157(8):759-64.
Newby, P. K., Peterson, K. E., Berkey, C. S., Leppert, J., Willett, W. C., & Colditz, G. A. (2003). Dietary composition and weight change among low-income preschool children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 157(8), 759-64.
Newby PK, et al. Dietary Composition and Weight Change Among Low-income Preschool Children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157(8):759-64. PubMed PMID: 12912781.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary composition and weight change among low-income preschool children. AU - Newby,P K, AU - Peterson,Karen E, AU - Berkey,Catherine S, AU - Leppert,Jill, AU - Willett,Walter C, AU - Colditz,Graham A, PY - 2003/8/13/pubmed PY - 2003/9/5/medline PY - 2003/8/13/entrez SP - 759 EP - 64 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 157 IS - 8 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between dietary composition and weight change among children. We tested several hypotheses considering intake of nutrients (total fat and fiber) and predefined food groups (breads and grains, "fat foods," fruits, and vegetables) used in the North Dakota Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC Program). DESIGN: Prospective study. Subjects We collected dietary, anthropometric, and sociodemographic data from 1379 children aged 2 to 5 years participating in the North Dakota WIC Program on 2 visits ranging from 6 to 12 months apart. Main Outcome Measure Annual change in weight. RESULTS: In multiple regression analyses, no significant relations were found between total intake of fat, fiber, fruits, or vegetables and weight change. There was a 0.16-kg lower weight change per year (95% confidence interval [CI], -0.20 to -0.12 kg; P<.01) with each additional daily serving of breads and grains, and a 0.05-kg greater weight change per year (95% CI, 0.1-0.09 kg; P<.05) for each additional serving of fat foods in a model adjusting for sex, age, baseline weight, change in height, and sociodemographic variables. CONCLUSIONS: Intake of North Dakota WIC Program-defined fat foods, but not dietary fat per se, significantly predicted weight gain, whereas intake of North Dakota WIC Program-defined breads and grains, but not fiber per se, significantly predicted weight loss in preschool children. SN - 1072-4710 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12912781/Dietary_composition_and_weight_change_among_low_income_preschool_children_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -