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Lower risk of overweight in school-aged food insecure girls who participate in food assistance: results from the panel study of income dynamics child development supplement.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2003; 157(8):780-4AP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A quarter of US children are at increased risk of obesity-related health problems because of excess weight. The few national studies of child overweight and inadequate household resources available to purchase healthy foods, or food insecurity, have shown inconsistent results. We hypothesized that the inconsistency in these results may be attributed to a differential effect of participation in food assistance programs in food secure and food insecure households.

METHODS

Using the 1997 Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement, we compared the risk of a child aged 5 to 12 years being at or above the 85th percentile of body mass index for age in food insecure and food secure, low-income households when controlling for participation in the Food Stamp Program and the national school lunch and breakfast programs as well as other covariates.

RESULTS

We found that food insecure girls who participated in all 3 programs had a 68% reduced odds (odds ratio, 0.32; 95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.77) of being at risk of overweight when compared with food insecure girls in nonparticipating households and controlling for other factors. Girls in food secure households generally had no greater or less risk of overweight if they participated in any or all programs. Boys in both food insecure and food secure households had no greater or less risk of overweight by if they participated in any or all of the programs.

CONCLUSIONS

These results support our hypothesis that food assistance programs play a protective role for low-income children's health, particularly in girls in food insecure households.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, University of Tennessee, Knoxville 37996, USA. sonyaj@utk.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12912784

Citation

Jones, Sonya J., et al. "Lower Risk of Overweight in School-aged Food Insecure Girls Who Participate in Food Assistance: Results From the Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, vol. 157, no. 8, 2003, pp. 780-4.
Jones SJ, Jahns L, Laraia BA, et al. Lower risk of overweight in school-aged food insecure girls who participate in food assistance: results from the panel study of income dynamics child development supplement. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157(8):780-4.
Jones, S. J., Jahns, L., Laraia, B. A., & Haughton, B. (2003). Lower risk of overweight in school-aged food insecure girls who participate in food assistance: results from the panel study of income dynamics child development supplement. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 157(8), pp. 780-4.
Jones SJ, et al. Lower Risk of Overweight in School-aged Food Insecure Girls Who Participate in Food Assistance: Results From the Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2003;157(8):780-4. PubMed PMID: 12912784.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lower risk of overweight in school-aged food insecure girls who participate in food assistance: results from the panel study of income dynamics child development supplement. AU - Jones,Sonya J, AU - Jahns,Lisa, AU - Laraia,Barbara A, AU - Haughton,Betsy, PY - 2003/8/13/pubmed PY - 2003/9/5/medline PY - 2003/8/13/entrez SP - 780 EP - 4 JF - Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine JO - Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med VL - 157 IS - 8 N2 - BACKGROUND: A quarter of US children are at increased risk of obesity-related health problems because of excess weight. The few national studies of child overweight and inadequate household resources available to purchase healthy foods, or food insecurity, have shown inconsistent results. We hypothesized that the inconsistency in these results may be attributed to a differential effect of participation in food assistance programs in food secure and food insecure households. METHODS: Using the 1997 Panel Study of Income Dynamics Child Development Supplement, we compared the risk of a child aged 5 to 12 years being at or above the 85th percentile of body mass index for age in food insecure and food secure, low-income households when controlling for participation in the Food Stamp Program and the national school lunch and breakfast programs as well as other covariates. RESULTS: We found that food insecure girls who participated in all 3 programs had a 68% reduced odds (odds ratio, 0.32; 95% confidence interval, 0.12-0.77) of being at risk of overweight when compared with food insecure girls in nonparticipating households and controlling for other factors. Girls in food secure households generally had no greater or less risk of overweight if they participated in any or all programs. Boys in both food insecure and food secure households had no greater or less risk of overweight by if they participated in any or all of the programs. CONCLUSIONS: These results support our hypothesis that food assistance programs play a protective role for low-income children's health, particularly in girls in food insecure households. SN - 1072-4710 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12912784/Lower_risk_of_overweight_in_school_aged_food_insecure_girls_who_participate_in_food_assistance:_results_from_the_panel_study_of_income_dynamics_child_development_supplement_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/fullarticle/vol/157/pg/780 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -