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Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs.
Science. 2003 Aug 15; 301(5635):929-33.Sci

Abstract

The diversity, frequency, and scale of human impacts on coral reefs are increasing to the extent that reefs are threatened globally. Projected increases in carbon dioxide and temperature over the next 50 years exceed the conditions under which coral reefs have flourished over the past half-million years. However, reefs will change rather than disappear entirely, with some species already showing far greater tolerance to climate change and coral bleaching than others. International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Coral Reef Biodiversity, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia. terry.hughes@jcu.edu.auNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12920289

Citation

Hughes, T P., et al. "Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs." Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 301, no. 5635, 2003, pp. 929-33.
Hughes TP, Baird AH, Bellwood DR, et al. Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science. 2003;301(5635):929-33.
Hughes, T. P., Baird, A. H., Bellwood, D. R., Card, M., Connolly, S. R., Folke, C., Grosberg, R., Hoegh-Guldberg, O., Jackson, J. B., Kleypas, J., Lough, J. M., Marshall, P., Nyström, M., Palumbi, S. R., Pandolfi, J. M., Rosen, B., & Roughgarden, J. (2003). Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5635), 929-33.
Hughes TP, et al. Climate Change, Human Impacts, and the Resilience of Coral Reefs. Science. 2003 Aug 15;301(5635):929-33. PubMed PMID: 12920289.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Climate change, human impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. AU - Hughes,T P, AU - Baird,A H, AU - Bellwood,D R, AU - Card,M, AU - Connolly,S R, AU - Folke,C, AU - Grosberg,R, AU - Hoegh-Guldberg,O, AU - Jackson,J B C, AU - Kleypas,J, AU - Lough,J M, AU - Marshall,P, AU - Nyström,M, AU - Palumbi,S R, AU - Pandolfi,J M, AU - Rosen,B, AU - Roughgarden,J, PY - 2003/8/16/pubmed PY - 2003/9/10/medline PY - 2003/8/16/entrez SP - 929 EP - 33 JF - Science (New York, N.Y.) JO - Science VL - 301 IS - 5635 N2 - The diversity, frequency, and scale of human impacts on coral reefs are increasing to the extent that reefs are threatened globally. Projected increases in carbon dioxide and temperature over the next 50 years exceed the conditions under which coral reefs have flourished over the past half-million years. However, reefs will change rather than disappear entirely, with some species already showing far greater tolerance to climate change and coral bleaching than others. International integration of management strategies that support reef resilience need to be vigorously implemented, and complemented by strong policy decisions to reduce the rate of global warming. SN - 1095-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12920289/Climate_change_human_impacts_and_the_resilience_of_coral_reefs_ L2 - https://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=12920289 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -