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Nutritional risk in institutionalized older women determined by the Mini Nutritional Assessment test: what are the main factors?
Nutrition 2003; 19(9):767-71N

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

We assessed which factors contribute to the high level of nutritional risk detected by the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) test in institutionalized older women. To this end, we undertook a complete nutritional assessment.

METHODS

A cross-sectional study in 89 older women (age range, 72-98 y) living in two private nursing homes in Granada (Spain) was carried out. The MNA test was used as an assessment tool to detect nutritional risk. The nutritional assessment included anthropometric measurements (body mass index, triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses, and mid-arm and calf circumferences), quantification of dietary intake (7-d weighed-food records), clinical and functional evaluations (number of drugs, Katz index, and Red Cross cognitive scale), and biological markers (albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, and lymphocyte counts).

RESULTS

We found that 7.9% (n = 5) of the older women were malnourished (MNA score, 14.5 +/- 1.4), 61.8% (n = 56) were at risk of malnutrition (MNA score, 20.6 +/- 2.1), and 30.3% (n = 28) were well nourished (MNA score, 25.0 +/- 1.1) according to the MNA test.

CONCLUSIONS

This high prevalence of risk of malnutrition detected by the MNA test in healthy institutionalized older women was due mainly to risk situations and self-perception of health and did not depend on age. Inadequate micronutrients intake may contribute to the development of malnutrition in this population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Nutrición y Bromatología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Granada, Spain. mdruiz@ugr.es

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12921887

Citation

Ruiz-López, M Dolores, et al. "Nutritional Risk in Institutionalized Older Women Determined By the Mini Nutritional Assessment Test: what Are the Main Factors?" Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), vol. 19, no. 9, 2003, pp. 767-71.
Ruiz-López MD, Artacho R, Oliva P, et al. Nutritional risk in institutionalized older women determined by the Mini Nutritional Assessment test: what are the main factors? Nutrition. 2003;19(9):767-71.
Ruiz-López, M. D., Artacho, R., Oliva, P., Moreno-Torres, R., Bolaños, J., de Teresa, C., & López, M. C. (2003). Nutritional risk in institutionalized older women determined by the Mini Nutritional Assessment test: what are the main factors? Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 19(9), pp. 767-71.
Ruiz-López MD, et al. Nutritional Risk in Institutionalized Older Women Determined By the Mini Nutritional Assessment Test: what Are the Main Factors. Nutrition. 2003;19(9):767-71. PubMed PMID: 12921887.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutritional risk in institutionalized older women determined by the Mini Nutritional Assessment test: what are the main factors? AU - Ruiz-López,M Dolores, AU - Artacho,Reyes, AU - Oliva,Patricio, AU - Moreno-Torres,Rosario, AU - Bolaños,Jorge, AU - de Teresa,Carlos, AU - López,M Carmen, PY - 2003/8/19/pubmed PY - 2004/2/3/medline PY - 2003/8/19/entrez SP - 767 EP - 71 JF - Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.) JO - Nutrition VL - 19 IS - 9 N2 - OBJECTIVES: We assessed which factors contribute to the high level of nutritional risk detected by the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) test in institutionalized older women. To this end, we undertook a complete nutritional assessment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study in 89 older women (age range, 72-98 y) living in two private nursing homes in Granada (Spain) was carried out. The MNA test was used as an assessment tool to detect nutritional risk. The nutritional assessment included anthropometric measurements (body mass index, triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses, and mid-arm and calf circumferences), quantification of dietary intake (7-d weighed-food records), clinical and functional evaluations (number of drugs, Katz index, and Red Cross cognitive scale), and biological markers (albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, and lymphocyte counts). RESULTS: We found that 7.9% (n = 5) of the older women were malnourished (MNA score, 14.5 +/- 1.4), 61.8% (n = 56) were at risk of malnutrition (MNA score, 20.6 +/- 2.1), and 30.3% (n = 28) were well nourished (MNA score, 25.0 +/- 1.1) according to the MNA test. CONCLUSIONS: This high prevalence of risk of malnutrition detected by the MNA test in healthy institutionalized older women was due mainly to risk situations and self-perception of health and did not depend on age. Inadequate micronutrients intake may contribute to the development of malnutrition in this population. SN - 0899-9007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12921887/Nutritional_risk_in_institutionalized_older_women_determined_by_the_Mini_Nutritional_Assessment_test:_what_are_the_main_factors L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0899900703001254 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -