Temporal changes in the toxicity of pentachlorophenol to Chlorella pyrenidosa algae.J Environ Sci Health B. 2003 Sep; 38(5):551-9.JE
The toxicity of pentachlorophenol (PCP) on Chlorella pyrenidosa algae was investigated with specific attention given to possible variation of toxic effects with time. A concentration-effect relationship was observed in which there was significant inhibition of PCP on cell density and chlorophyll A content. The inhibition rate of PCP on cell density was dependent on exposure time. The IC50 values after exposure times of 2, 4 and 6 days for cell growth were 4.18 +/- 0.49, 3.49 +/- 0.40 and 3.30 +/- 0.26 mg/L, respectively. There was also inhibition of chlorophyll A production, which appeared to increase marginally with exposure time for a given concentration of PCP. The corresponding IC50 values on day 2, 4 and 6 were 2.30 +/- 0.12, 2.63 +/- 0.38 and 3.30 +/- 0.34 mg/L, respectively. The effect of PCP on nitrate reductase (NR), was first stimulation followed by an inhibition phase. It is postulated that the observed temporal changes in the activity of nitrate reductase (NR) may occur through the addition or loss of phosphorus in the NR protein.