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[Effect of smoking on the periodontium and the level of aspartate aminotransferase in gingival cervical fluid].
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2003 Jul; 37(4):266-9.ZY

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To study the effect of smoking on the periodontium and level of aspartate aminotransferase in gingival cervical fluid (GCF-AST).

METHODS

A proportion matched case-control filtration was performed in examined population, college students, outpatients from 1999 May to 2001 March 115 smokers aged from 23 to 65 years (102 men and 13 women) and 90 non-smokers aged from 25 to 70 years (80 men and 10 women) were chosen. Debris index (DI), calculus index (CI), periodontal disease index (PDI), GCF-AST were measured.

RESULTS

No obvious differences were observed in DI in smokers (0 degrees, 27.2%; 5 degrees, 5.0%) and non-smokers (0 degrees, 27.8%; 5 degrees, 4.2%),whereas obvious differences were found in CI in smokers and non-smokers. The percentages of patients without calculus were lower in smokers (9.8%) than in non-smokers (20.0%). The percentages of patients with weighty calculus were higher in smokers (25.4%) than in non-smokers (12.8%). The PDI values in smokers were higher than in non-smokers. The percentages of their normal periodontium were lower in smokers (9.6%) than in non-smokers (20.8%). The percentages of their periodontitis were higher in smokers (38.5%) than in non-smokers (25.8%). The smoking quantity were positively related to periodontitis (P < 0.001). No obvious differences were found in the level of GCF-AST with same PDI (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION

Smoking is considered as one of the risk factors in the prevalence of periodontal disease, but may not have any direct effect on GCF-AST.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Special Dental Department, Faculty of Stomatology, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100050, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

chi

PubMed ID

12930678

Citation

Geng, Jiu-yu, et al. "[Effect of Smoking On the Periodontium and the Level of Aspartate Aminotransferase in Gingival Cervical Fluid]." Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine], vol. 37, no. 4, 2003, pp. 266-9.
Geng JY, Yang J, Chen LZ. [Effect of smoking on the periodontium and the level of aspartate aminotransferase in gingival cervical fluid]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2003;37(4):266-9.
Geng, J. Y., Yang, J., & Chen, L. Z. (2003). [Effect of smoking on the periodontium and the level of aspartate aminotransferase in gingival cervical fluid]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine], 37(4), 266-9.
Geng JY, Yang J, Chen LZ. [Effect of Smoking On the Periodontium and the Level of Aspartate Aminotransferase in Gingival Cervical Fluid]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2003;37(4):266-9. PubMed PMID: 12930678.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Effect of smoking on the periodontium and the level of aspartate aminotransferase in gingival cervical fluid]. AU - Geng,Jiu-yu, AU - Yang,Jun, AU - Chen,Lan-zhi, PY - 2003/8/22/pubmed PY - 2004/9/25/medline PY - 2003/8/22/entrez SP - 266 EP - 9 JF - Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine] JO - Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi VL - 37 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of smoking on the periodontium and level of aspartate aminotransferase in gingival cervical fluid (GCF-AST). METHODS: A proportion matched case-control filtration was performed in examined population, college students, outpatients from 1999 May to 2001 March 115 smokers aged from 23 to 65 years (102 men and 13 women) and 90 non-smokers aged from 25 to 70 years (80 men and 10 women) were chosen. Debris index (DI), calculus index (CI), periodontal disease index (PDI), GCF-AST were measured. RESULTS: No obvious differences were observed in DI in smokers (0 degrees, 27.2%; 5 degrees, 5.0%) and non-smokers (0 degrees, 27.8%; 5 degrees, 4.2%),whereas obvious differences were found in CI in smokers and non-smokers. The percentages of patients without calculus were lower in smokers (9.8%) than in non-smokers (20.0%). The percentages of patients with weighty calculus were higher in smokers (25.4%) than in non-smokers (12.8%). The PDI values in smokers were higher than in non-smokers. The percentages of their normal periodontium were lower in smokers (9.6%) than in non-smokers (20.8%). The percentages of their periodontitis were higher in smokers (38.5%) than in non-smokers (25.8%). The smoking quantity were positively related to periodontitis (P < 0.001). No obvious differences were found in the level of GCF-AST with same PDI (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Smoking is considered as one of the risk factors in the prevalence of periodontal disease, but may not have any direct effect on GCF-AST. SN - 0253-9624 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12930678/[Effect_of_smoking_on_the_periodontium_and_the_level_of_aspartate_aminotransferase_in_gingival_cervical_fluid]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -