Mitochondrial isocitrate dehydrogenase and isocitrate oxidation of rat ventral prostate.Enzyme. 1976; 21(6):495-506.E
Mitochondrial preparations isolated from rat ventral prostate were capable of oxidizing isocitrate by way of NADP isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP-IDH) and NAD-IDH. NAD-IDH activity required ADP for activation. The pH responses for NAD-IDH and NADP-IDH were quite different. The results indicated that two different enzymes were involved in the NAD- and NADP-IDH activities. Indirect evidence indicated that NADPH-NAD transhydrogenase activity might also be involved in the mitochondrial pathway for isocitrate oxidation. NADP-IDH activity was significantly greater than NAD-IDH activity. The oxidation of isocitrate through IDH activity was coupled to the cytochrome system by NADPH- and NADH-cytochrome c reductase activities. Citrate, via isocitrate, oxidation proceeded at a much slower rate suggesting that aconitase activity could be limiting in the oxidation of citrate. In comparison to other tissues, the prostate oxidative enzyme activities are considerably lower. The results suggest that the accumulation of high prostate citrate levels is not due to a limitation imposed by a lack of IDH activity in prostate mitochondria.