Tensile and shear bond strength of resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement to glazed porcelain.Angle Orthod. 2003 Aug; 73(4):451-6.AO
The purpose of this study was to measure the tensile and shear bond strength of resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement (RGIC) to glazed porcelain, to evaluate the durability of RGIC by thermal cycling, and to examine the RGIC remaining on the surface of the porcelain after the bond strength test to evaluate bonding conditions. Three adhesives were used in this study: Concise (CO) as a chemically cured composite resin, Fuji ORTHO (FO) as a chemically cured RGIC, and Fuji ORTHO LC (FOLC) as a light-cured RGIC. Tensile and shear bond strengths were measured 24 hours after bonding orthodontic brackets and also after thermal cycling. Tensile bond strength after 24 hours was 6.6 +/- 3.2 MPa in CO, 7.3 +/- 1.4 MPa in FO, and 8.6 +/- 1.9 MPa in FOLC, and the strength significantly decreased after the thermal cycling test. Shear bond strength after 24 hours was 32.5 +/- 8.9 MPa in CO, 23.3 +/- 6.8 MPa in FO, and 24.7 +/- 6.5 MPa in FOLC, and in contrast to tensile bond strength, no decreases in the strength were detected after the thermal cycling test. CO showed significantly higher shear bond strength than did FO and FOLC. When using the shear bond strength test and CO, destruction of porcelain surfaces frequently occurred after 24 hours and was observed in every specimen after the thermal cycling. RGIC was found to be an advantageous alternative to resin adhesive for bracket bonding to porcelain and to enamel.