The effect of naloxone on restraint-induced antinociception in mice.Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 1992 Nov; 14(9):695-700.MF
Restraint for a period from 15-60 min induced significant antinociceptive effect in both male and female mice. The restraint animals all showed an increase in response time to the hot plate test at 55 degrees C. The antinociceptive activity was still apparent one hour after restraint. In the male animals, prior administration of naloxone s.c. 15 min before restraint for 60 min did not affect the degree of antinociceptive activity induced by restraint. In addition, naloxone administered s.c. immediately after restraint for 60 min also did not affect the degree of antinociceptive activity in male mice. These findings indicate that in male animals the endogenous opioid mechanism is most likely not involved in the restraint-induced antinociception. However, for the female mice naloxone administered s.c. either before or immediately after restraint for 60 min dose-dependently suppressed the antinociceptive activity induced by restraint. It is concluded that restraint can induce antinociceptive activity in mice; however, different mechanisms may be involved in the antinociception observed. In male mice the endogenous opioid systems do not seem to play a significant role in restraint-induced antinociception, while for female animals blockade of opioid receptors would greatly diminish the antinociception observed after restraint.