Effects of cannabinoids on non-adrenergic non-cholinergic-mediated relaxation in guinea-pig trachea.Eur J Pharmacol. 2003 Aug 15; 475(1-3):115-8.EJ
The effects of cannabinoid receptor agonists on the non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) inhibitory responses to electrical field stimulation in guinea-pig trachea were assessed. R-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-[(morpholilinyl) methyl]pyrrolo [1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-(1-naphthalenyl)methanone mesylate (WIN 55,212-2; 10(-5) M) significantly enhanced the frequency-dependent response to electrical stimulation. The same concentration of R-(N)-(2-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z-eicosatetraenamide (R(+)methanandamide) and 1-propyl-2-methyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-015) did not affect significantly the electrically induced inhibitory NANC responses. The effect of WIN 55,212-2 was not modified by the cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptor-selective antagonists, N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (SR141716A; 10(-5) M) and N-(1S)-endo-1,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo [2.2.1] heptan-2-yl]-5-(4-chloro-3-methylphenyl)-1-(4-methylbenzyl)-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR 144528; 10(-5) M), respectively. Moreover, the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, L-NG-nitro-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 10(-4) M), but not the peptidase, alpha-chymotrypsin (2 U/ml), blocked the effect of WIN 55,212-2. Postsynaptically, WIN 55,212-2 did not produce any change of tracheal smooth muscle tone, either basal or histamine-induced, and did not interfere with the relaxant activity of the nitric oxide donor, sodium nitroprusside (10(-8)-10(-4) M). In conclusion, our results suggest that (a) cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptor stimulation does not alter the inhibitory NANC transmission in guinea-pig trachea, and (b) WIN 55,212-2 potentiates the NO-mediated component of the NANC relaxant response to electrical stimulation through a cannabinoid receptor-independent mechanism.