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Synthesis and characterization of injectable poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) hydrogels with proteolytically degradable cross-links.

Abstract

Hydrogels composed of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) and acrylic acid (AAc) were prepared by redox polymerization with peptide cross-linkers to create an artificial extracellular matrix (ECM) amenable for testing hypotheses regarding cell proliferation and migration in three dimensions. Peptide degradable cross-linkers were synthesized by the acrylation of the amine groups of glutamine and lysine residues within peptide sequences potentially cleavable by matrix metalloproteinases synthesized by mammalian cells (e.g., osteoblasts). With the peptide cross-linker, loosely cross-linked poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) [P(NIPAAm-co-AAc)] hydrogels were prepared, and their phase transition behavior, lower critical solution temperature (LCST), water content, and enzymatic degradation properties were investigated. The peptide-cross-linked P(NIPAAm-co-AAc) hydrogels were pliable and fluidlike at room temperature and could be injected through a small-diameter aperture. The LCST of peptide-cross-linked hydrogel was influenced by the monomer ratio of NIPAAm/AAc but not by cross-linking density within the polymer network. A peptide-cross-linked hydrogel with a 97/3 molar ratio of NIPAAm/AAc exhibited a LCST of approximately 34.5 degrees C. Swelling was influenced by NIPAAm/AAc monomer ratio, cross-linking density, and swelling media; however, all hydrogels maintained more than 90% water even at 37 degrees C. In enzymatic degradation studies, breakdown of the peptide-cross-linked P(NIPAAm-co-AAc) hydrogels was dependent on both the concentration of collagenase and the cross-linking density. These results suggest that peptide-cross-linked P(NIPAAm-co-AAc) hydrogels can be tailored to create environmentally-responsive artificial extracellular matrixes that are degraded by proteases.

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    Source

    Biomacromolecules 4:5 pg 1214-23

    MeSH

    Acrylamides
    Acrylates
    Biodegradation, Environmental
    Collagenases
    Cross-Linking Reagents
    Endopeptidases
    Extracellular Matrix
    Humans
    Hydrogels
    Injections
    Matrix Metalloproteinase 13
    Molecular Mimicry
    Oligopeptides
    Phase Transition
    Polymers

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    12959586