Selenoenzyme activities in selenium- and iodine-deficient sheep.Biol Trace Elem Res 2003; 94(3):213-24BT
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of single and combined deficiencies of selenium and iodine on selenoenzyme activities in sheep. Twenty-four male lambs were assigned to one of four semisynthetic diets: combined deficient A (Se-I), Se-deficient B (Se-I+), I-deficient C (Se+I-), and basal diet D (Se+I+). Thyroid hormones (T3, T4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and inorganic iodine (PII) were determined in plasma. Selenium and glutathione peroxidase activity (GSH-Px) were determined in erythrocytes, and tissue samples, including the thyroid, liver, kidney, and brain, were taken for selenoenzyme analysis. Plasma T3, T4, and TSH concentrations were similar in all groups. Type I deiodinase (ID-I) activity in liver and kidney remained unchanged in Se or I deficiency. In contrast, hepatic ID-I activity was increased by 70% in combined Se-I deficiency. Thyroidal cystolic GSHPx (c-GSH-Px) and phospholipid GSH-Px (ph-GSH-Px) activities remained constant in both Se-deficient groups, whereas thyroidal c-GSH-Px activity increased (57%) in I deficiency. Type II deiodinase (ID-II) activity was not detectable in the cerebrum and cerebellum, whereas cerebellum Type III deiodinase (ID-III) activity was decreased in I deficiency and combined Se-I deficiencies. The results of the present study support a sensitive interaction between Se and I deficiencies in sheep thyroid and brain. Furthermore, the lack of thyroidal ID-I activity, the preservation of the thyroidal antioxidant enzymes, and the increases in hepatic ID-I indicate that a compensatory mechanism(s) works toward retaining plasma T3 levels, mostly by de novo synthesis of T3 and peripheral deiodination of T4 in Se- and I-deficient sheep.