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Cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality in Japanese men: a prospective study.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Sep; 35(9):1546-50.MS

Abstract

PURPOSE

Limited data are available on the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality. We evaluated the cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of cancer mortality in Japanese men.

METHODS

A total of 9039 men (19-59 yr) who were given a submaximal exercise test and a health examination between 1982 and 1988 and were followed for mortality up to 1999. Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured using a cycle ergometer test, and maximal oxygen uptake was estimated.

RESULTS

The mean follow-up period was slightly more than 16 yr, producing a total of 148,491 person-years of observation. There were 231 deaths, with 123 deaths due to cancer. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for cancer mortality were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model. Taking into consideration age, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, smoking habit, and alcohol habit and using the lowest physical fitness group as the reference, the RR (95% CI) for increasing quartiles of fitness were 0.75(0.48-1.16), 0.43(0.25-0.74) and 0.41(0.23-0.74); P < 0.001 for trend.

CONCLUSION

Low cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with cancer mortality in Japanese men.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tokyo Gas Health Promotion Center, Tokyo, Japan. s-sawada@tokyo-gas.co.jpNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

12972875

Citation

Sawada, Susumu S., et al. "Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cancer Mortality in Japanese Men: a Prospective Study." Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 35, no. 9, 2003, pp. 1546-50.
Sawada SS, Muto T, Tanaka H, et al. Cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality in Japanese men: a prospective study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(9):1546-50.
Sawada, S. S., Muto, T., Tanaka, H., Lee, I. M., Paffenbarger, R. S., Shindo, M., & Blair, S. N. (2003). Cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality in Japanese men: a prospective study. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 35(9), 1546-50.
Sawada SS, et al. Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cancer Mortality in Japanese Men: a Prospective Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(9):1546-50. PubMed PMID: 12972875.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality in Japanese men: a prospective study. AU - Sawada,Susumu S, AU - Muto,Takashi, AU - Tanaka,Hiroaki, AU - Lee,I-Min, AU - Paffenbarger,Ralph S,Jr AU - Shindo,Munehiro, AU - Blair,Steven N, PY - 2003/9/16/pubmed PY - 2004/1/7/medline PY - 2003/9/16/entrez SP - 1546 EP - 50 JF - Medicine and science in sports and exercise JO - Med Sci Sports Exerc VL - 35 IS - 9 N2 - PURPOSE: Limited data are available on the relationship between cardiorespiratory fitness and cancer mortality. We evaluated the cardiorespiratory fitness and risk of cancer mortality in Japanese men. METHODS: A total of 9039 men (19-59 yr) who were given a submaximal exercise test and a health examination between 1982 and 1988 and were followed for mortality up to 1999. Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured using a cycle ergometer test, and maximal oxygen uptake was estimated. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was slightly more than 16 yr, producing a total of 148,491 person-years of observation. There were 231 deaths, with 123 deaths due to cancer. Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) for cancer mortality were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model. Taking into consideration age, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, smoking habit, and alcohol habit and using the lowest physical fitness group as the reference, the RR (95% CI) for increasing quartiles of fitness were 0.75(0.48-1.16), 0.43(0.25-0.74) and 0.41(0.23-0.74); P < 0.001 for trend. CONCLUSION: Low cardiorespiratory fitness is associated with cancer mortality in Japanese men. SN - 0195-9131 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/12972875/Cardiorespiratory_fitness_and_cancer_mortality_in_Japanese_men:_a_prospective_study_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000084525.06473.8E DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -