Low-grade cribriform ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast. Fine needle aspiration cytology in three cases.Acta Cytol. 1992 Jan-Feb; 36(1):48-54.AC
This paper presents the cytologic features of fine needle aspiration biopsy specimens from three cases of ductal carcinoma in situ characterized by small and uniform tumor cells growing in a predominantly cribriform pattern without comedo necrosis (low-grade cribriform ductal carcinoma in situ). On cytology, most of the tumor cells were clustered in three-dimensional ductal structures. Occasionally in the clusters the tumor cells were seen bordering central lumina, quite similar to the architecture in histology. A few single tumor cells and no myoepithelium were seen. The background was clear or slightly hemorrhagic, without necrosis. The tumor cells were uniform and had a cylindroid shape, with round or oval nuclei. Morphometrically the mean largest nuclear diameter was 1.5-1.6 times that of a red blood cell. The chromatin was finely granular, with a minute nucleolus and slight condensation along the nuclear membrane. In cut sections all three tumors showed strong immunoreactivity for neuron-specific enolase. Unless the cribriform growth pattern is recognized in the smear, the cytologic diagnosis of this entity is difficult.