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Effect of a diet high in monounsaturated fat from almonds on plasma cholesterol and lipoproteins.
J Am Coll Nutr 1992; 11(2):126-30JA

Abstract

The effect of almonds as part of a low saturated fat, low cholesterol, high-fiber diet was studied in 26 adults (13 men, 13 women). The baseline diet was modified in a similar way for all subjects by limiting meat, fatty fish, high-fat milk products, eggs, and saturated fat. Grains, beans, vegetables, fruit, and low-fat milk products were the foundation of the diet. During the almond diet period, raw almonds (100 mg/day) supplied 34 g/day of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), 12 g/day of polyunsaturated fatty acid, and 6 g/day of saturated fatty acid. Almond oil was the only oil allowed for food preparation. There was a rapid and sustained reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol without changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. This was reflected in a total plasma cholesterol decrease from (means +/- SEM) 235 +/- 5.0 at baseline to 215 +/- 5.0 at 3 weeks, and to 214 +/- 5.0 mg/dl at 9 weeks (p less than 0.001). When the consumption of nuts high in MUFA increases the fat content of the diet, reduction rather than elevation of plasma cholesterol has to be expected, possibly due to the MUFA content of these nuts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Health Research and Studies Center, Inc., Los Altos, California 94023-0338.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1315812

Citation

Spiller, G A., et al. "Effect of a Diet High in Monounsaturated Fat From Almonds On Plasma Cholesterol and Lipoproteins." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 2, 1992, pp. 126-30.
Spiller GA, Jenkins DJ, Cragen LN, et al. Effect of a diet high in monounsaturated fat from almonds on plasma cholesterol and lipoproteins. J Am Coll Nutr. 1992;11(2):126-30.
Spiller, G. A., Jenkins, D. J., Cragen, L. N., Gates, J. E., Bosello, O., Berra, K., ... Superko, R. (1992). Effect of a diet high in monounsaturated fat from almonds on plasma cholesterol and lipoproteins. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 11(2), pp. 126-30.
Spiller GA, et al. Effect of a Diet High in Monounsaturated Fat From Almonds On Plasma Cholesterol and Lipoproteins. J Am Coll Nutr. 1992;11(2):126-30. PubMed PMID: 1315812.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of a diet high in monounsaturated fat from almonds on plasma cholesterol and lipoproteins. AU - Spiller,G A, AU - Jenkins,D J, AU - Cragen,L N, AU - Gates,J E, AU - Bosello,O, AU - Berra,K, AU - Rudd,C, AU - Stevenson,M, AU - Superko,R, PY - 1992/4/1/pubmed PY - 1992/4/1/medline PY - 1992/4/1/entrez SP - 126 EP - 30 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 11 IS - 2 N2 - The effect of almonds as part of a low saturated fat, low cholesterol, high-fiber diet was studied in 26 adults (13 men, 13 women). The baseline diet was modified in a similar way for all subjects by limiting meat, fatty fish, high-fat milk products, eggs, and saturated fat. Grains, beans, vegetables, fruit, and low-fat milk products were the foundation of the diet. During the almond diet period, raw almonds (100 mg/day) supplied 34 g/day of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA), 12 g/day of polyunsaturated fatty acid, and 6 g/day of saturated fatty acid. Almond oil was the only oil allowed for food preparation. There was a rapid and sustained reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol without changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. This was reflected in a total plasma cholesterol decrease from (means +/- SEM) 235 +/- 5.0 at baseline to 215 +/- 5.0 at 3 weeks, and to 214 +/- 5.0 mg/dl at 9 weeks (p less than 0.001). When the consumption of nuts high in MUFA increases the fat content of the diet, reduction rather than elevation of plasma cholesterol has to be expected, possibly due to the MUFA content of these nuts. SN - 0731-5724 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1315812/Effect_of_a_diet_high_in_monounsaturated_fat_from_almonds_on_plasma_cholesterol_and_lipoproteins_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/cholesterollevelswhatyouneedtoknow.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -