Characterization and purification of a membrane-bound archaebacterial pyrophosphatase from Sulfolobus acidocaldarius.Eur J Biochem 1992; 207(2):741-6EJ
Plasma membranes of the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus acidocaldarius (DSM 639) display a pyrophosphate-hydrolyzing activity [M. Lübben & G. Schäfer (1987) Eur. J. Biochem. 164, 533-540]. In our present work, we solubilized and purified this pyrophosphatase to homogeneity. It consists of a single subunit with a molecular mass of 17-18 kDa, forming an oligomer of 70 kDa under native conditions. Edman degradation revealed 30 amino acids of the N-terminus. The enzyme cleaves phosphoric-acid-anhydride bonds independently of monovalent or divalent cations. Temperature and pH optima of 75 degrees C and 3.5-3.7, respectively, characterize it as an ectoenzyme. Membrane lipids of Sulfolobus stimulate the activity. The dolichol-pyrophosphate-complexing peptide-antibiotic bacitracin inhibited growth of Sulfolobus. A possible function of the acid pyrophosphatase is the hydrolysis of dolichol pyrophosphate in connection with glycosylation reactions of membrane proteins.