Eccentric and concentric torques of knee and elbow extension in young and older men.Can J Sport Sci. 1992 Mar; 17(1):3-7.CJ
The purpose of this study was to compare the strength of knee extensors and elbow extensors in young and older men under conditions of eccentric loading and concentric contractions. Twelve men ages 23 to 32 years and 12 ages 60 to 75 years were tested at two angular velocities of movement, 90 and 180 degrees.s-1, on a KinCom isokinetic dynamometer. Compared to young men, older men had lower concentric peak torque values for elbow (31%) and knee (32%) extensors (p less than 0.05). The older group showed lower eccentric peak torques on all elbow comparisons (21% lower), and for knee extension at the slower velocity (20%). At the faster velocity, knee extension eccentric peak torque did not differ from that of younger men. Differences between the age groups were significantly less for the eccentric muscle action than for the concentric one. The observation of maintained eccentric strength in older men, particularly at fast velocity, warrants research in defining the mechanism.