Rapid screening for taxanes by tandem mass spectrometry.Anal Chem. 1992 Oct 15; 64(20):2313-5.AC
A highly specific and sensitive method is described for determining taxol, cephalomannine, and baccatin III in crude plant extracts. Radical anions of the taxanes are formed by desorption chemical ionization, and a parent tandem mass spectrometric scan is used to recognize these compounds by their characteristic dissociations. The limit of detection of the individual taxanes in typical plant matrices is less than 500 pg when all three species are screened simultaneously. Because of the sensitivity of the method, extraction times can be shortened to 30 min and crude extracts can be examined at the rate of 6/h. Detection of all three taxanes extracted from a single Taxus cuspidata needle in a combined extraction/analysis time of less than 1 h is demonstrated.