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Exercise interrupts ongoing glucocorticoid-induced muscle atrophy and glutamine synthetase induction.
Am J Physiol. 1992 12; 263(6):E1157-63.AJ

Abstract

This study was undertaken to determine whether regular endurance exercise is a deterrent to a developing state of muscle atrophy from glucocorticoids and to evaluate whether the contractile activity antagonizes the hormonal actions on glutamine synthetase, alanine aminotransferase, and cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase (cAspAT). Adult female rats were administered cortisol acetate (CA, 100 mg/kg body wt) or an equal volume of the vehicle solution for up to 15 days. Exercise (treadmill running at 31 m/min, 10% grade, 90 min/day) was introduced after 4 days of CA treatment, at which time plantaris and quadriceps muscle mass had been reduced to 90% of control levels. Running for 11 consecutive days prevented 40 mg of the 90-mg loss and 227 mg of the 808-mg loss that were subsequently observed in plantaris and quadriceps muscles, respectively, in the sedentary animals. Glutamine synthetase mRNA and enzyme activity were elevated threefold by glucocorticoid treatment in the deep quadriceps (fast-twitch red) muscles after 4 days. Initiating exercise completely interfered with the further hormonal induction (to approximately 5-fold) of this enzyme and, after 11 consecutive days of the exercise regimen, glutamine synthetase mRNA and enzyme activity were 58 and 68% of values from CA-treated sedentary animals. In vehicle-treated groups, basal levels of glutamine synthetase expression were also diminished by exercise to approximately 40% of the values in sedentary controls. Hormone treatment did not alter either aminotransferase enzyme activity but reduced cAspAT mRNA in fast-twitch red muscles by 50%. Exercise abolished the glucocorticoid effect on cAspAT mRNA.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

College of Kinesiology, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois, Chicago 60680.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1362040

Citation

Falduto, M T., et al. "Exercise Interrupts Ongoing Glucocorticoid-induced Muscle Atrophy and Glutamine Synthetase Induction." The American Journal of Physiology, vol. 263, no. 6, 1992, pp. E1157-63.
Falduto MT, Young AP, Hickson RC. Exercise interrupts ongoing glucocorticoid-induced muscle atrophy and glutamine synthetase induction. Am J Physiol. 1992;263(6):E1157-63.
Falduto, M. T., Young, A. P., & Hickson, R. C. (1992). Exercise interrupts ongoing glucocorticoid-induced muscle atrophy and glutamine synthetase induction. The American Journal of Physiology, 263(6), E1157-63. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.2006.263.6.E1157
Falduto MT, Young AP, Hickson RC. Exercise Interrupts Ongoing Glucocorticoid-induced Muscle Atrophy and Glutamine Synthetase Induction. Am J Physiol. 1992;263(6):E1157-63. PubMed PMID: 1362040.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Exercise interrupts ongoing glucocorticoid-induced muscle atrophy and glutamine synthetase induction. AU - Falduto,M T, AU - Young,A P, AU - Hickson,R C, PY - 1992/12/1/pubmed PY - 1992/12/1/medline PY - 1992/12/1/entrez SP - E1157 EP - 63 JF - The American journal of physiology JO - Am J Physiol VL - 263 IS - 6 N2 - This study was undertaken to determine whether regular endurance exercise is a deterrent to a developing state of muscle atrophy from glucocorticoids and to evaluate whether the contractile activity antagonizes the hormonal actions on glutamine synthetase, alanine aminotransferase, and cytosolic aspartate aminotransferase (cAspAT). Adult female rats were administered cortisol acetate (CA, 100 mg/kg body wt) or an equal volume of the vehicle solution for up to 15 days. Exercise (treadmill running at 31 m/min, 10% grade, 90 min/day) was introduced after 4 days of CA treatment, at which time plantaris and quadriceps muscle mass had been reduced to 90% of control levels. Running for 11 consecutive days prevented 40 mg of the 90-mg loss and 227 mg of the 808-mg loss that were subsequently observed in plantaris and quadriceps muscles, respectively, in the sedentary animals. Glutamine synthetase mRNA and enzyme activity were elevated threefold by glucocorticoid treatment in the deep quadriceps (fast-twitch red) muscles after 4 days. Initiating exercise completely interfered with the further hormonal induction (to approximately 5-fold) of this enzyme and, after 11 consecutive days of the exercise regimen, glutamine synthetase mRNA and enzyme activity were 58 and 68% of values from CA-treated sedentary animals. In vehicle-treated groups, basal levels of glutamine synthetase expression were also diminished by exercise to approximately 40% of the values in sedentary controls. Hormone treatment did not alter either aminotransferase enzyme activity but reduced cAspAT mRNA in fast-twitch red muscles by 50%. Exercise abolished the glucocorticoid effect on cAspAT mRNA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0002-9513 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1362040/Exercise_interrupts_ongoing_glucocorticoid_induced_muscle_atrophy_and_glutamine_synthetase_induction_ L2 - https://journals.physiology.org/doi/10.1152/ajpendo.2006.263.6.E1157?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -