Effects of ifenprodil on the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor ionophore complex in rat brain.Neurochem Int. 1992 Jul; 21(1):135-47.NI
The effects of a cerebral anti-ischemic drug ifenprodil on the receptor ionophore complex of an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-sensitive subclass of central excitatory amino acid receptors were examined using [3H](+)-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[a,d]cyclohepten-5,10- imine (MK-801) binding in rat brain synaptic membrane preparations as a biochemical measure. The binding in membrane preparations not extensively washed was markedly inhibited not only by competitive NMDA antagonists such as (+/-)-3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonic, D-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric and D-2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoic acids, but also by competitive antagonists at the strychnine-insensitive glycine (Gly) site including 7-chlorokynurenic acid and 6,7-dichloroquinoxaline-2,3-dione. Among several proposed ligands for alpha-adrenergic receptors tested, ifenprodil most potently inhibited the binding in these membrane preparations due to a decrease in the density of the binding sites without significantly affecting the affinity. Ifenprodil also inhibited the binding of [3H]N-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine as well as of [3H]MK-801 to open NMDA channels in a concentration-dependent manner at concentrations above 10 nM in membrane preparations extensively washed but not treated by a detergent, with a Hill coefficient of less than unity. Further treatment of extensively washed membrane preparations with a low concentration of Triton X-100 resulted in an almost complete abolition of [3H]MK-801 binding, and the binding was restored to the level found in membrane preparations not extensively washed following the addition of both L-glutamic acid (Glu) and Gly. Ifenprodil was effective in inhibiting [3H]MK-801 binding via reducing both initial association and dissociation rates in Triton-treated membrane preparations, irrespective of the presence of Glu and Gly added. The binding in Triton-treated membrane preparations was additionally potentiated by the polyamine spermidine in a concentration-dependent manner at concentrations above 10 microM in the presence of both Glu and Gly at maximally effective concentrations. Ifenprodil invariably diminished the abilities of these three stimulants to potentiate [3H]MK-801 binding at concentrations over 1 microM in a manner that the maximal responses each were reduced. These results suggest that ifenprodil does not interfere with the NMDA receptor complex as a specific isosteric antagonist at the polyamine domain in contrast to the prevailing view.