Isolation, characterization, and antitumor activities of the cell wall polysaccharides from Elsinoe leucospila.Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 1992 Jan; 56(1):29-33.BB
A cell-wall preparation from the cells of Elsinoe leucospila, which produces elsinan extracellularly when grown on sucrose or glucose-potato extract medium, was fractionated systematically. The heteropolysaccharide that was released by treatment with Actinase E digestion, comprised D-mannose, D-galactose, and D-glucose (molar ratio, 1.5:1.0:0.1). Methylation, mild acid hydrolysis, and 13C-NMR studies suggested that the polysaccharide contains a backbone of alpha-(1----6)-linked D-mannose residues having two kinds of side chains, one attached at the O-4 with single or short beta-(1----6)-linked D-galactofuranosyl residues, and the other attached at O-2 with short side chains, most probably, of alpha-(1----3)-linked D-mannopyranosyl residues. A moderately branched D-glucan fraction, obtained from the cold alkali extract, was fractionated to give an antitumor-active purified beta-(1----3)-glucan having branches of single beta-D-glucosyl groups, one out of eight D-glucose residues being substituted at the O-6.