In vivo microdialysis reveals a diminished amphetamine-induced DA response corresponding to behavioral sensitization produced by repeated amphetamine pretreatment.Brain Res 1992; 571(2):330-7BR
In vivo microdialysis procedures were used to assess the effects of repeated amphetamine administration on behavior and regional brain DA dynamics in freely moving rats. Pretreatment with amphetamine (2.5 or 3.0 mg/kg) for 4-6 days did not alter baseline DA or its metabolites in caudate or accumbens 48 h or 6 days after the last injection. However, whereas this dosage regimen revealed a profound behavioral sensitization in response to challenge with amphetamine (2.5 mg/kg), including a more rapid onset and intensification of stereotypy, the DA response was significantly diminished in both brain regions. In addition, the ratio of caudate to accumbens DA, either before or after amphetamine challenge, was not altered by the pretreatment regimen. These results are consistent with our previous suggestion that there is a dissociation between the DA and behavioral responses to amphetamine, and therefore that other neurotransmitter systems and/or mechanisms significantly contribute to the amphetamine response profile. Furthermore, DA effects may represent only one, albeit critical, aspect in a time-dependent sequence of changes underlying stimulant sensitization.