A thromboxane mimetic, U-46619, produces plasma exudation in airways of the guinea pig.J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 Jun; 72(6):2415-9.JA
Thromboxane A2 (TxA2) has been implicated in airway responses to allergen and in the bronchial hyperresponsiveness observed in asthma. Furthermore a TxA2 receptor antagonist and a TxA2 synthase inhibitor inhibit plasma exudation in airways induced by inhaled platelet-activating factor. To evaluate whether TxA2 has any direct effect on plasma exudation in the airways, we studied the effect of a stable TxA2 mimetic (U-46619; 2, 20, and 200 nmol/kg iv) on lung resistance (RL) and Evans blue dye extravasation (marker of plasma albumin; 20 mg/kg iv) at the airway levels of trachea, main bronchi, and proximal and distal intrapulmonary airways in anesthetized, tracheostomized, and mechanically ventilated guinea pigs. Injection of U-46619 produced an immediate and marked dose-dependent increase in RL, which peaked at approximately 30 s. At the highest dose of U-46619, we also observed a later increase in RL, starting at approximately 3 min and reaching a second peak at approximately 8 min. Mean systemic blood pressure increased in a dose-dependent manner [maximum 82 +/- 8 (SE) mmHg]. U-46619 also produces dose-dependent plasma exudation, measured as Evans blue dye extravasation, at all airway levels as well as into the tracheal lumen. Airway responses to U-46619 (200 nmol/kg iv) were abolished in animals pretreated with the TxA2 receptor antagonist ICI-192605 (0.5 mg/kg iv). We conclude that U-46619, despite being a vasoconstrictor, is potent in inducing plasma exudation in airways and that this effect is mediated via a TxA2 receptor.