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Effect of ethanol and commonly ingested alcoholic beverages on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit.
Clin Investig. 1992 Jun; 70(6):487-91.CI

Abstract

Acute ingestion of pure ethanol has been reported to delay gastric emptying and to enhance the propulsive movements of the intestine. The aim of the present study was to investigate the comparative effect of beer (7.0% v/v), white wine (7.5% v/v), ethanol (7.5% v/v), and water on the gastric emptying of a liquid test meal and on the gastrocaecal transit time of lactulose added to the test meal. Gastric liquid emptying was assessed by means of a nasogastric intubation technique using polyethylene glycol 4000 as the non-absorbable marker. The gastrocaecal transit time was evaluated by a hydrogen breath test. Beer (P less than 0.001) and white wine (P less than 0.05) significantly accelerated gastric emptying in comparison with ethanol of the same concentration. The gastrocaecal transit time was significantly shorter when the liquid meal was administered with beer compared with ethanol (P less than 0.005) and water (P less than 0.01). The constituents in beer and white wine responsible for our observations remain to be found.

Authors+Show Affiliations

II. Medizinische Abteilung, Städtisches Krankenhaus München-Bogenhausen.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1392416

Citation

Pfeiffer, A, et al. "Effect of Ethanol and Commonly Ingested Alcoholic Beverages On Gastric Emptying and Gastrointestinal Transit." The Clinical Investigator, vol. 70, no. 6, 1992, pp. 487-91.
Pfeiffer A, Högl B, Kaess H. Effect of ethanol and commonly ingested alcoholic beverages on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit. Clin Investig. 1992;70(6):487-91.
Pfeiffer, A., Högl, B., & Kaess, H. (1992). Effect of ethanol and commonly ingested alcoholic beverages on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit. The Clinical Investigator, 70(6), 487-91.
Pfeiffer A, Högl B, Kaess H. Effect of Ethanol and Commonly Ingested Alcoholic Beverages On Gastric Emptying and Gastrointestinal Transit. Clin Investig. 1992;70(6):487-91. PubMed PMID: 1392416.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effect of ethanol and commonly ingested alcoholic beverages on gastric emptying and gastrointestinal transit. AU - Pfeiffer,A, AU - Högl,B, AU - Kaess,H, PY - 1992/6/1/pubmed PY - 1992/6/1/medline PY - 1992/6/1/entrez SP - 487 EP - 91 JF - The Clinical investigator JO - Clin Investig VL - 70 IS - 6 N2 - Acute ingestion of pure ethanol has been reported to delay gastric emptying and to enhance the propulsive movements of the intestine. The aim of the present study was to investigate the comparative effect of beer (7.0% v/v), white wine (7.5% v/v), ethanol (7.5% v/v), and water on the gastric emptying of a liquid test meal and on the gastrocaecal transit time of lactulose added to the test meal. Gastric liquid emptying was assessed by means of a nasogastric intubation technique using polyethylene glycol 4000 as the non-absorbable marker. The gastrocaecal transit time was evaluated by a hydrogen breath test. Beer (P less than 0.001) and white wine (P less than 0.05) significantly accelerated gastric emptying in comparison with ethanol of the same concentration. The gastrocaecal transit time was significantly shorter when the liquid meal was administered with beer compared with ethanol (P less than 0.005) and water (P less than 0.01). The constituents in beer and white wine responsible for our observations remain to be found. SN - 0941-0198 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1392416/Effect_of_ethanol_and_commonly_ingested_alcoholic_beverages_on_gastric_emptying_and_gastrointestinal_transit_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -