Macrodystrophia lipomatosa: radiographic observations.Br J Radiol. 1992 Sep; 65(777):769-73.BJ
23 cases of macrodystrophia lipomatosa (MDL) are reported showing a wide spectrum of radiographic findings. Typical findings were hypertrophy of all the mesodermal tissues of the affected digits with dramatic overgrowth of fat. Phalanges were enlarged both in length and transverse diameter, but the trabecular pattern was maintained. In one patient, the phalanges and metatarsals were elongated but thinned. In another case, all the phalanges and metatarsals of the great toe were small. The little toe was also involved in two cases. Articular surfaces were slanting. There was a high incidence of palmar and plantar involvement. In a few cases the forearm and leg were also involved. Other uncommon features observed were early maturation of epiphyseal centres of ossification of phalanges and metatarsals, syndactyly, polydactyly, brachydactyly and symphalangism. Angiography was uncharacteristic.