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Plasma biochemical parameters in Nigerian children with protein energy malnutrition.
East Afr Med J 1992; 69(8):428-32EA

Abstract

Eleven plasma biochemical parameters were estimated in a total of 28 children with protein-energy malnutrition (PEM): 7 children each category of marasmus, kwashiorkor, marasmic-kwashiorkor and undernutrition with ages between 8 and 48 months. The estimations were performed on admission and 8 to 24 days after treatment at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Nigeria. Plasma sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate and albumin levels were significantly (p < 0.05) higher after treatment than on admission. Calcium however, showed no significant change. Total protein and cholesterol were significantly (p < 0.05) raised after treatment for all the PEM types except undernutrition and kwashiorkor respectively. Globulin, urea and creatinine were significantly (p < 0.05) raised after treatment for kwashiorkor. These biochemical findings support the claims of clinical improvement in PEM children after a minimum of 18 days of treatment at the OAUTHC in Nigeria.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1396208

Citation

Taiwo, O O., and K D. Thomas. "Plasma Biochemical Parameters in Nigerian Children With Protein Energy Malnutrition." East African Medical Journal, vol. 69, no. 8, 1992, pp. 428-32.
Taiwo OO, Thomas KD. Plasma biochemical parameters in Nigerian children with protein energy malnutrition. East Afr Med J. 1992;69(8):428-32.
Taiwo, O. O., & Thomas, K. D. (1992). Plasma biochemical parameters in Nigerian children with protein energy malnutrition. East African Medical Journal, 69(8), pp. 428-32.
Taiwo OO, Thomas KD. Plasma Biochemical Parameters in Nigerian Children With Protein Energy Malnutrition. East Afr Med J. 1992;69(8):428-32. PubMed PMID: 1396208.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Plasma biochemical parameters in Nigerian children with protein energy malnutrition. AU - Taiwo,O O, AU - Thomas,K D, PY - 1992/8/1/pubmed PY - 1992/8/1/medline PY - 1992/8/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Biology KW - Body Weight KW - Child Nutrition KW - Clinical Research KW - Deficiency Diseases KW - Developing Countries KW - Diet KW - Diseases KW - Electrolyte Balance KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Health KW - Homeostasis KW - Kwashiorkor KW - Malnutrition KW - Nigeria KW - Nutrition KW - Nutrition Disorders KW - Physiology KW - Proteins KW - Research Methodology KW - Treatment KW - Western Africa SP - 428 EP - 32 JF - East African medical journal JO - East Afr Med J VL - 69 IS - 8 N2 - Eleven plasma biochemical parameters were estimated in a total of 28 children with protein-energy malnutrition (PEM): 7 children each category of marasmus, kwashiorkor, marasmic-kwashiorkor and undernutrition with ages between 8 and 48 months. The estimations were performed on admission and 8 to 24 days after treatment at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Nigeria. Plasma sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate and albumin levels were significantly (p < 0.05) higher after treatment than on admission. Calcium however, showed no significant change. Total protein and cholesterol were significantly (p < 0.05) raised after treatment for all the PEM types except undernutrition and kwashiorkor respectively. Globulin, urea and creatinine were significantly (p < 0.05) raised after treatment for kwashiorkor. These biochemical findings support the claims of clinical improvement in PEM children after a minimum of 18 days of treatment at the OAUTHC in Nigeria. SN - 0012-835X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1396208/Plasma_biochemical_parameters_in_Nigerian_children_with_protein_energy_malnutrition_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/childnutrition.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -