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Gender differences in knowledge, intentions, and behaviors concerning pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease prevention among adolescents.
J Adolesc Health 1992; 13(7):589-99JA

Abstract

Gender differences in knowledge, intentions, and behaviors regarding preventing pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases were studied. Data for the study were collected from 1,033 students in 13 California high schools. Females in this sample were more likely than males to have discussed sexuality topics with parents, to have engaged in sexual intercourse more frequently, to have experienced a pregnancy scare, to have used oral contraceptives during their last sexual encounter, to perceive that a larger proportion of their peers were engaging in sex and using birth control, to obtain birth control from health facilities, and to report intentions to abstain or use protection in hypothetical situations placing them at risk for unprotected sex. In contrast, males reported that they were more likely to have always used birth control, to have used birth control during their first sexual encounter, and to have used a condom during their last sexual encounter. Furthermore, males were more likely to obtain birth control from a store or a friend. Finally, males knew more about using condoms correctly and their role in preventing sexually transmitted diseases. The efficacy of interventions designed to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents may be increased by addressing these gender differences. Understanding gender differences may also facilitate an increased role for males in the overall prevention scheme. Further research is clearly needed to increase knowledge about these gender differences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 55455.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1420213

Citation

Leland, N L., and R P. Barth. "Gender Differences in Knowledge, Intentions, and Behaviors Concerning Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Among Adolescents." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 13, no. 7, 1992, pp. 589-99.
Leland NL, Barth RP. Gender differences in knowledge, intentions, and behaviors concerning pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease prevention among adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 1992;13(7):589-99.
Leland, N. L., & Barth, R. P. (1992). Gender differences in knowledge, intentions, and behaviors concerning pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease prevention among adolescents. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 13(7), pp. 589-99.
Leland NL, Barth RP. Gender Differences in Knowledge, Intentions, and Behaviors Concerning Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Disease Prevention Among Adolescents. J Adolesc Health. 1992;13(7):589-99. PubMed PMID: 1420213.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Gender differences in knowledge, intentions, and behaviors concerning pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease prevention among adolescents. AU - Leland,N L, AU - Barth,R P, PY - 1992/11/1/pubmed PY - 1992/11/1/medline PY - 1992/11/1/entrez KW - Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome--prevention and control KW - Adolescent Pregnancy--prevention and control KW - Adolescents KW - Age Factors KW - Americas KW - Barrier Methods KW - Behavior KW - Biology KW - California KW - Condom KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Methods KW - Contraceptive Usage--statistics KW - Data Analysis KW - Data Collection KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developed Countries KW - Diseases KW - Family Planning KW - Fertility KW - Hiv Infections--prevention and control KW - Infections KW - Knowledge KW - North America KW - Northern America KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Population Dynamics KW - Pregnancy--prevention and control KW - Reproduction KW - Reproductive Behavior KW - Reproductive Tract Infections KW - Research Methodology KW - Risk Factors KW - Sex Behavior KW - Sex Factors KW - Sexually Transmitted Diseases--prevention and control KW - United States KW - Viral Diseases KW - Youth SP - 589 EP - 99 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 13 IS - 7 N2 - Gender differences in knowledge, intentions, and behaviors regarding preventing pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases were studied. Data for the study were collected from 1,033 students in 13 California high schools. Females in this sample were more likely than males to have discussed sexuality topics with parents, to have engaged in sexual intercourse more frequently, to have experienced a pregnancy scare, to have used oral contraceptives during their last sexual encounter, to perceive that a larger proportion of their peers were engaging in sex and using birth control, to obtain birth control from health facilities, and to report intentions to abstain or use protection in hypothetical situations placing them at risk for unprotected sex. In contrast, males reported that they were more likely to have always used birth control, to have used birth control during their first sexual encounter, and to have used a condom during their last sexual encounter. Furthermore, males were more likely to obtain birth control from a store or a friend. Finally, males knew more about using condoms correctly and their role in preventing sexually transmitted diseases. The efficacy of interventions designed to reduce unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases among adolescents may be increased by addressing these gender differences. Understanding gender differences may also facilitate an increased role for males in the overall prevention scheme. Further research is clearly needed to increase knowledge about these gender differences. SN - 1054-139X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1420213/Gender_differences_in_knowledge_intentions_and_behaviors_concerning_pregnancy_and_sexually_transmitted_disease_prevention_among_adolescents_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/1054-139X(92)90373-J DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -