Pentasomy X mosaic in two adult sisters with diabetes mellitus.Intern Med. 1992 Sep; 31(9):1102-6.IM
Pentasomy X mosaic in two adult sisters with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is described. The younger sister had schizophrenia, and both were mentally retarded, but no apparent somatic abnormalities were found. Chromosome analyses revealed karyotype 45,X/46,XX/47,XXX/48,XXXX/49,XXXXX mosaic with a low frequency of aneuploidy on cultured peripheral lymphocytes and 46,XX on cultured skin fibroblasts in both sisters. The low frequency of X chromosome aberration may be responsible for the lack of somatic abnormalities and the long life in both sisters. The association of pentasomy X mosaicism and diabetes mellitus however appears to be coincidental.