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Effects of interferon-alpha (IFN) on the expression of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts.
Leukemia 1992; 6(11):1155-60L

Abstract

Interferon-alpha (IFN) induces the enzyme 2-5 oligoadenylate synthetase (2-5 AS) in cells from patients with hairy cell leukemia and B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and this is associated with a breakdown of certain species of cytokine messenger (m)RNA via the activation of a latent ribonuclease. We have studied the expression of the cytokines interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) as well as of the ribonuclease activator 2-5 AS in the presence and absence of IFN in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) blast cells from 26 patients. Before monocyte and T-cell depletion there was no expression of IL-1, IL-6 or GM-CSF, and only three of 13 patients studied expressed TNF mRNA. After cell depletion one or more cytokine was expressed in 31-62% of the 26 patients. Expression of one or more mRNA for IL-1, IL-6, GM-CSF and TNF after 18 h incubation was detected in 16 of 26 patients (63%) and this was particularly so in French-American-British (FAB) subtypes M4 and M5. Eight of nine patients with IL-6 mRNA expression and seven of 10 with IL-1 mRNA expression were in the FAB subtypes M4 and M5. Twenty-two of 26 patients showed induction of 2-5 AS mRNA in response to IFN in vitro. Exposure to IFN resulted in reduction of IL-1 mRNA in nine of 12 cases, of IL-6 mRNA in eight of nine, and GM-CSF mRNA in five of seven cases. TNF mRNA was unaffected by IFN despite 2-5 AS induction in 12 of 13 patients expressing this cytokine. In the presence of exogenous IFN, cells from six of seven patients studied showed inhibition of 3H-thymidine incorporation into DNA. DNA synthesis could also be abrogated in six of seven patients with anti-IL-1 monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) and in two of seven with anti-IL-6 MoAb. This inhibitory effect could be reversed in all patients when anti-IL-1 or anti-IL-6 was given in combination with their corresponding cytokine. These data suggest that IFN may exert a therapeutic effect in a proportion of AML patients by blocking IL-1 and IL-6 mediated growth, consequent on activation of the ribonuclease activator 2-5 AS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Haematology, Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, London, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1434798

Citation

Sissolak, G, et al. "Effects of Interferon-alpha (IFN) On the Expression of Interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Granulocyte-macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF) in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Blasts." Leukemia, vol. 6, no. 11, 1992, pp. 1155-60.
Sissolak G, Hoffbrand AV, Mehta AB, et al. Effects of interferon-alpha (IFN) on the expression of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts. Leukemia. 1992;6(11):1155-60.
Sissolak, G., Hoffbrand, A. V., Mehta, A. B., & Ganeshaguru, K. (1992). Effects of interferon-alpha (IFN) on the expression of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts. Leukemia, 6(11), pp. 1155-60.
Sissolak G, et al. Effects of Interferon-alpha (IFN) On the Expression of Interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Granulocyte-macrophage Colony-stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF) in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Blasts. Leukemia. 1992;6(11):1155-60. PubMed PMID: 1434798.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of interferon-alpha (IFN) on the expression of interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts. AU - Sissolak,G, AU - Hoffbrand,A V, AU - Mehta,A B, AU - Ganeshaguru,K, PY - 1992/11/1/pubmed PY - 1992/11/1/medline PY - 1992/11/1/entrez SP - 1155 EP - 60 JF - Leukemia JO - Leukemia VL - 6 IS - 11 N2 - Interferon-alpha (IFN) induces the enzyme 2-5 oligoadenylate synthetase (2-5 AS) in cells from patients with hairy cell leukemia and B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia and this is associated with a breakdown of certain species of cytokine messenger (m)RNA via the activation of a latent ribonuclease. We have studied the expression of the cytokines interleukin 1-beta (IL-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF) as well as of the ribonuclease activator 2-5 AS in the presence and absence of IFN in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) blast cells from 26 patients. Before monocyte and T-cell depletion there was no expression of IL-1, IL-6 or GM-CSF, and only three of 13 patients studied expressed TNF mRNA. After cell depletion one or more cytokine was expressed in 31-62% of the 26 patients. Expression of one or more mRNA for IL-1, IL-6, GM-CSF and TNF after 18 h incubation was detected in 16 of 26 patients (63%) and this was particularly so in French-American-British (FAB) subtypes M4 and M5. Eight of nine patients with IL-6 mRNA expression and seven of 10 with IL-1 mRNA expression were in the FAB subtypes M4 and M5. Twenty-two of 26 patients showed induction of 2-5 AS mRNA in response to IFN in vitro. Exposure to IFN resulted in reduction of IL-1 mRNA in nine of 12 cases, of IL-6 mRNA in eight of nine, and GM-CSF mRNA in five of seven cases. TNF mRNA was unaffected by IFN despite 2-5 AS induction in 12 of 13 patients expressing this cytokine. In the presence of exogenous IFN, cells from six of seven patients studied showed inhibition of 3H-thymidine incorporation into DNA. DNA synthesis could also be abrogated in six of seven patients with anti-IL-1 monoclonal antibodies (MoAb) and in two of seven with anti-IL-6 MoAb. This inhibitory effect could be reversed in all patients when anti-IL-1 or anti-IL-6 was given in combination with their corresponding cytokine. These data suggest that IFN may exert a therapeutic effect in a proportion of AML patients by blocking IL-1 and IL-6 mediated growth, consequent on activation of the ribonuclease activator 2-5 AS. SN - 0887-6924 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1434798/Effects_of_interferon_alpha__IFN__on_the_expression_of_interleukin_1_beta__IL_1__interleukin_6__IL_6__granulocyte_macrophage_colony_stimulating_factor__GM_CSF__and_tumor_necrosis_factor_alpha__TNF__in_acute_myeloid_leukemia__AML__blasts_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/4195 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -