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Benefits and risks of oral contraceptive use.
Postgrad Med. 1992 Nov 15; 92(7):155-7, 161-2, 168-71.PM

Abstract

As a general rule, the lowest-dose oral contraceptive should be prescribed that minimizes side effects while maintaining contraceptive protection. A woman who experiences mild side effects should be encouraged to tolerate symptoms for three menstrual cycles before a decision is made to change the prescription. Compliance may also be improved by informing women of the noncontraceptive health benefits of oral contraceptives: less menstrual blood loss and a lower incidence of menorrhagia, irregular bleeding, benign breast disease, endometrial cancer, dysmenorrhea, ovarian cysts or tumors, and salpingitis. Adequate patient education and supportive counseling are key factors in patient satisfaction and hence compliance.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville 32610.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

1437913

Citation

Williams, R S.. "Benefits and Risks of Oral Contraceptive Use." Postgraduate Medicine, vol. 92, no. 7, 1992, pp. 155-7, 161-2, 168-71.
Williams RS. Benefits and risks of oral contraceptive use. Postgrad Med. 1992;92(7):155-7, 161-2, 168-71.
Williams, R. S. (1992). Benefits and risks of oral contraceptive use. Postgraduate Medicine, 92(7), 155-7, 161-2, 168-71.
Williams RS. Benefits and Risks of Oral Contraceptive Use. Postgrad Med. 1992 Nov 15;92(7):155-7, 161-2, 168-71. PubMed PMID: 1437913.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Benefits and risks of oral contraceptive use. A1 - Williams,R S, PY - 1992/11/15/pubmed PY - 1992/11/15/medline PY - 1992/11/15/entrez KW - Age Factors KW - Americas KW - Behavior KW - Biology KW - Breast Cancer KW - Cancer KW - Cardiovascular Effects KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Agents, Female--beneficial effects KW - Contraceptive Agents, Female--side effects KW - Contraceptive Agents, Progestin--beneficial effects KW - Contraceptive Agents, Progestin--side effects KW - Contraceptive Agents--beneficial effects KW - Contraceptive Agents--side effects KW - Contraceptive Methods--beneficial effects KW - Contraceptive Methods--contraindications KW - Contraceptive Methods--side effects KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developed Countries KW - Diabetes Mellitus KW - Diseases KW - Drug Interactions KW - Drugs KW - Embolism KW - Endocrine System KW - Endometrial Cancer KW - Estrogens--beneficial effects KW - Estrogens--side effects KW - Family Planning KW - Hepatic Effects KW - Hormones KW - Hypertension KW - Literature Review KW - Neoplasms KW - North America KW - Northern America KW - Oral Contraceptives, Combined--beneficial effects KW - Oral Contraceptives, Combined--contraindications KW - Oral Contraceptives, Combined--side effects KW - Oral Contraceptives, Phasic KW - Oral Contraceptives--beneficial effects KW - Oral Contraceptives--contraindications KW - Oral Contraceptives--side effects KW - Physiology KW - Population KW - Population Characteristics KW - Smoking KW - Thromboembolism KW - Treatment KW - United States KW - Vascular Diseases SP - 155-7, 161-2, 168-71 JF - Postgraduate medicine JO - Postgrad Med VL - 92 IS - 7 N2 - As a general rule, the lowest-dose oral contraceptive should be prescribed that minimizes side effects while maintaining contraceptive protection. A woman who experiences mild side effects should be encouraged to tolerate symptoms for three menstrual cycles before a decision is made to change the prescription. Compliance may also be improved by informing women of the noncontraceptive health benefits of oral contraceptives: less menstrual blood loss and a lower incidence of menorrhagia, irregular bleeding, benign breast disease, endometrial cancer, dysmenorrhea, ovarian cysts or tumors, and salpingitis. Adequate patient education and supportive counseling are key factors in patient satisfaction and hence compliance. SN - 0032-5481 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1437913/Benefits_and_risks_of_oral_contraceptive_use_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00325481.1992.11701539 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -